Archive for the ‘ CCTV Articles ’ Category

Best Surveillance System Positioning For Public Establishments

Written By:
Monday, January 18th, 2016

 Best Surveillance System Positioning For Public Establishments

In the wake of anarchy and terrorism in our schools, airports, and malls; there comes a time for revised safety measures. Security cameras serve as the most prominent and valuable safety measure. The use of cameras should be well established for all areas of activity throughout any establishment. In doing so, three things are accomplished.

  • The presence of cameras can bring a feeling of confidence and self-security for all who patron the establishment.
  • Creates a high likelihood of extinguishing an act of a negative nature before it happens.
  • ….and of course logs all activity of actions taken place with video and/or audio surveillance.

Still there exists the bold perpetrators who still insist on their dishonorable acts, regardless of surveillance or not. Whether it’s loitering, littering or negligence to thievery, assault, kidnapping and fraudulent claims…. here are the crucial points of placement for CCTV cameras:

 Best Surveillance System Positioning For Public EstablishmentsFacial recognition Clear facial shots are always ideal for all possible entry/exit points. Any area that can be susceptible for entrance to an establishment; including windows, fire escapes and garage bays should be considered. If there are multiple outlets within the initial establishment, cameras capable of capturing detailed facial details will also serve well here. These well positioned cameras are very beneficial in facial recognition that provides a clear ID of a person. From there, corresponding cameras that capture an overview will further aid in the distinguishing of what happens next.

Overview cameras This position for cameras serve as to where the individual(s) in question proceed. Since we already captured our most important identifying detail with the previous camera, the overview camera can concentrate on a larger open area.

Potentially Hazardous and highly desirable areas Areas that can lead to hazardous conditions due to mischief or negligence should be well monitored. Electrical, water, maintenance rooms and elevator(s) can pose a threat not only to the culprit but everyone around. Places in the building where safes and/or firearms are stored, become highly desired locations to intrude. Showcases and displays of expensive jewelry and electronics are a great focus of attention for dubious individuals. Cameras focusing on these areas will be beneficial in stopping and the apprehension of the criminals.

Bathrooms and other highly visited areas Where it is illegal to place cameras in a public restroom (I do not condone this either), it is important to put one overseeing the coming and going of traffic since many children and women are (yes men too!) targeted and victimized in these areas. Other high prolific crime areas are at public payphones, cell phone/laptop charging stations, food courts, pools/fountains and playgrounds. The enforcement of surveillance would lower the amount of attempted assaults.

 Best Surveillance System Positioning For Public EstablishmentsParking lots and garages Coverage in parking lots catch illegal activity happening, including capturing the potential get away paths/strategies and vehicles. Cameras that are capable of HD resolutions (2MP or higher) and/or self-patrol capable cameras, like PTZs, are the most fitting for this area. Some perpetrators prey exclusively in this type of setting, where vehicles and unaware victims lay in wait. Following up with license plate cameras will be a great compliment to this security grouping.

Drive/path way exits After all the rest of the areas are covered, this is the last remaining location. License plate cameras can capture the vehicles tag ID and other descriptive characteristics such as make, model and color. This is a great aspect of coverage especially in Amber alerts.

After thought Sufficient coverage will help on aiding in stopping and/or catching the perpetrator regardless of glasses, headwear, masks and gloves. Cameras that can adjust to different environment lighting are ideal for each location. Where some cameras function fine in daylight hours and lighted conditions may perform under par in darker scenarios. Cameras that are equipped with IR or low light-sensitive features like AGC and Sense-up can improve capturing quality in the dark.

Accountability is important. Facts prevent false accusations. Clues and record logging provide substantial evidence against fiction and hear say. Without it, there would be chaos and the continuation of volatile acts.

In the absence of truth, confusion can be created and in the pursuit of vindication can lead to unjust punishments to the innocent. This would lead to fear and stress widespread among the masses over the idea of being the next victim to a misconstrued conclusion or a lie. Progress would slow from this epidemic of fear and only the unruly would still benefit.

Human eyes aren’t always available and the human mind isn’t always reliable to account for what happened. Human error can happen in memory especially over a length of time. Such things such as color, type, height, size, speed and manner are facts that will dapper over time. A human heart can also be deceptive, plagued for one’s own selfish agenda. A camera has none of the above faulty characteristics or manners. It is an unbiased surveillance with no task other than recording truth and facts.

 Best Surveillance System Positioning For Public Establishments


Prime series DVRS Part Duex

Written By:
Thursday, December 31st, 2015


The Previous article on Prime DVRs and NVR’s covered some basic configurations. The first was the Time. Time arguably being the most important feature to be set up properly since you have to know what time an “event” took place. For legal purposes a proper date and time stamp is mandatory. As well as having the DVR update its time on its own so you don’t have to worry about daylight savings time change. The output resolution of the DVR to a monitor is another function that needs to be configured correctly to ensure you have a visible interface to work with. It is very easy to change the resolution out of range of the monitor you are using. Old PC monitors do not support the newer and bigger resolutions and that is always something to keep in mind. The last feature I detailed was the network features. This is where the magic happens when it comes to remote access of the DVR. Remote access being another value added feature to any system.

The next feature I am going to go over is the Local configuration options.

As you can see we have 12 options to configure. Generally this can all be left default; however, for our advanced users I will detail these functions.

  1. Protocol: This determines what kind of communication protocol to use over an Ethernet connection. You have two protocols to choose from: TCP and UDP.
    • TCP is what is referred to as a connection oriented type communication protocol. The TCP protocol initiates the connection between two devices by sending requests to establish the connection. Once the connection is established it is maintained by the devices syncing, requesting and acknowledging the data movement. This means if the data flow is too fast for the receiver, the receiver will let the sender know to slow down. The receiver will also let the sender know what packets of data have been sent. The protocol will determine what packets to re-transmit if the packets of data are lost or damaged. As you can see this is why TCP is considered connection oriented.
    • UDP is often referred to as spray and pray. The reason for that is there is no error correction for the most part. The only after the fact error correction is the checksum which only verifies you have the file in its entirety. Otherwise with UDP there is no duplicate protection if the same packets are transmitted multiple times. There is no order in which the data packets come. Also there is no guarantee of delivery of the data. It is a lightweight protocol compared to TCP. You can benefit from it while watching live video streams because it is more important to have the stream constant than the error correction. As the error correction can add to the lag.
    • My recommendation is to leave the option on TCP. The reason being is that not IF but WHEN you do have errors most people do not know what to do to recover from them. TCP protocol generally does it for you. Networking is an imperfect technology subject to all sorts of interference issues.
  1. Stream type: This option refers to the stream type to watch from the camera feeds. You can choose mainstream or substream. You should leave it on the mainstream since when you open feeds you can specify there too if you want to use main or substream.
  2. Image Size:  The size refers to the aspect ratio of your display. This is not display resolution. Auto-fill will automatically fill to the monitor size. This is generally the best option. The other two options are hard settings. It will force the aspect ratio to either 4:3 or 16:9. If those two ratios are not correct for the monitor, part of the display may be off the screen or extremely tiny. Again . . . this is one of those options you typically want to leave default at “auto-fill”.
  3. Record File Size: The function of the “file record size” is to cut video segments into more manageable sizes. For example, you are recording all the time by default. The record file size cuts the video into 512MB size by default. The other options are 1Gb or 256MB. The take away here is that the larger the file is, the longer it takes to transfer to other types of media such as a CD or flash drive. Also if you do not have video editing software it will be next to impossible if not impossible for you to make the file smaller.
  4. Live View Performance: LVP affects how the video appears during live viewing. The options to choose from are shortest delay, real time, balanced, and fluency. The take away here is understanding what is more important to you for viewing live. Are you OK with there being a delay? Does it have to be real-time? Is a fluid feed more important? These are important questions to ask yourself as you cannot do all at the same time. If you want real time, the video has a tendency to jump frames because of network lag or jitter. This can make the data packets show up not in order. That is why you can get the frame jump. Still the video is as real time as the DVR can make it. If you are ok with a delay of a few seconds you can make the video very fluid, by choosing the fluid option. This allows the DVR to buffer the video and assemble the packets in order. With this option it gets all the packets of data correlated so the video is just smooth.
  5. Auto Start Live view: This feature automatically opens camera feeds for you when you go into the live view. Depending on how strong your network bandwidth is will dictate if you should leave this off or not. In many cases you want to leave it off. That is especially true for remote viewing as you may not have the download speed you expect at a remote location.
  6. Rules: Something you want to leave disabled. This feature is ultimately set up in other configuration options. This menu is merely where you enable the rules you create.

The last options on this page are for:

  • Save recorded files
  • Save snapshots
  • Save snapshots when playback to pc
  • Save clips to
  • Save downloaded files to

These options are for you to dictate where you would like video footage and snapshots saved on your local PC. it really can be set to any folder on your PC. Just make sure to use a naming convention so you do not forget what or where they are on your PC.

This concludes the local configuration of your Prime series DVR.


The Advantages of Dual Video Outputs (Analog+CVI and Analog+IP)

Written By:
Wednesday, December 30th, 2015

The Advantages of Dual Video Outputs (Analog+CVI and Analog+IP)


I often get asked, “Why do so many of our CVI cameras have an extra BNC analog video out?” or with some of our IP cameras, “Why do I need a BNC analog video out?” Well, there are a couple of advantages that often get overlooked and they can save you some serious time and money in many cases. For example, they can save you time during the install process, they can save you money by working as a spot out, and they can save you trouble by offering you another way to back up your system at another location. The BNC analog out can also be utilized as an analog camera for those still utilizing an analog system.  Below, I am going to outline and look over each of these options and see just how effective and versatile the Analog BNC out can be while providing you with an itemized list of the equipment used along with a pictures and a video of these items being displayed and tested for your convenience.

One of the first and most common ways of using a BNC out is by way of a wrist strap monitor. This can save you significant time on the install process by allowing you the ability to adjust the camera at its mounting location while viewing a live view picture of the cameras perspective. This saves you time from climbing down to the DVR to verify the position and if you’re an installer this saved time can translate over to saved money on the cost of your install. This simple Battery powered LCD is quite literally plug and play and allows virtual hands free viewing as you adjust your camera to its ideal location.  For the purposes of this demonstration I recorded using an IPOB-TP2IR150L2812-B and our TP-WLCDM2 wrist strap monitor.  I am viewing the monitor from the cameras IP connection and recording the desktop in order to demonstrate how this can be done.  (See below)

install wrist monitor

Next we will cover an often overlooked installation advantage of a BNC analog video out which is allowing you a sort of spot out.  Since most of our smaller units do not have a spot out (an extra output on the NVR or DVR that allows viewing of specific cameras without showing menus, usually used to deter theft and alert customers to surveillance) the BNC out on a camera can be utilized with a BNC LCD screen to provide the same effect of a spot out for that specific camera. This way your customers see only the camera’s view and only the camera you wish them to see. Allowing you to put camera views above your register without showing the rest of the DVR’s recording screen. You could also use a BNC to VGA or BNC to HDMI converter if you wish for a larger monitor. For the purposes of this demonstration, I am viewing the monitor from the cameras IP connection and recording the desktop in order to demonstrate how this can be done. I utilized our IPOB-TP2IR150L2812-B camera, an LCD-9-B  LCD screen, a POWER-12V2A power supply, a PT-4 connector and RCA-M-BNC-F connector and a BNC-25 plug and play cable. (See below)

spot out

I’ve said it before but it bears repeating. contingency planning is virtually always beneficial in the security industry. Preparing for the unexpected is advantageous and the best way to do this is to plan for the worst case scenario. In this case we can take advantage of the BNC out to record on a separate analog or Tri DVR allowing us to record to separate locations.  While the analog may be a lower resolution in cases where you have a drop safe or camera’ed high risk location having a separate backup can be advantageous when thieves steal one DVR and book it not realizing there’s a backup in the attic. Or to simply have a backup in case of a hard drive failure.  Regardless of the event having a backup can be essential for many business and home owners. For the purposes of this demonstration I recorded using an IPOB-TP2IR150L2812-B, TRIDVR-ELE8ME and our LCD-19 monitor.  I am viewing the monitor from the cameras IP connection and recording the desktop in order to demonstrate how this can be done while still maintaining your IP connection and NVR recordings.  (See below)


dvr double record

There is of course one final way to utilize this BNC out and that is as an analog on its own.  I still have an occasional but rare customer who prefer their older analog systems. While I generally encourage these customers to price out an HD-CVI system or HD-TVI system, this isn’t always possible so in these instances I recommend utilizing these older units with our newer cameras that still have analog BNC outs. These cameras can generally function the same way as the original analog systems and sometimes can be better suited than the originals. While technology has increased beyond that, many times certain unusual features become prominent that had never been done before.  This is true with many of our motorized domes that have BNC outs such as our  CVIOD-TP2IRZ or for example an auto tracker like in our IPPTZ Auto tracker that has a BNC out. As our inventory dwindles on analog cameras due to the phase out, it is helpful to know that you still have solutions for your older systems and as always we will continue to support you as we always have with our lifetime tech support and our customer service oriented staff.

If you find any of these solutions useful I recommend you check out my video posted below and/or you can contact our sales team for further details regarding how we can find and create this same solution for you.  We consider it our specialty to think outside the box and come up with the best system for you.


Please don’t forget to check out some of our other videos here:


Items used:





Recreational Marijuana in Oregon?

Written By:
Tuesday, December 29th, 2015


The State of Oregon is one for the most recent states to allow recreational marijuana in Oregon State. Of course, Oregon being its own state, is going to make up its own laws covering the cultivation, manufacturing, distribution, and legal possession of weed/ recreational Marijuana in Oregon.

There are some general laws that all states with recreational marijuana have. Don’t smoke and drive, you have to be at least 21 years old to possess any weed and no public use is tolerated. In comparison, the rules for Marijuana consumption are very similar to the rules for alcohol consumption.  The biggest differences in the laws for Marijuana in Oregon are for the growers, manufacturers and distributors.

Right now the state of Oregon has some very strict rules but, what is surprising is the lack of description for surveillance and security systems. To put it into perspective, security protects your business from people that would do harm to it regardless if it is from the inside or out. Page 47 section 86 of House Bill 3400 from the state of Oregon states that you are responsible for “[(A) Installing a minimum security system, including a video surveillance system, alarm system and safe; and]”. Then this system must meet the requirements of any rule adopted by the authority under that subsection.

If you continue to read the bill it just goes on about how to track medical card purchasers and denying of intoxicated customers. That part could have easily been adopted or just straight copied for the currently existing alcohol laws, but that is not the troubling part.

The lack of specifications on theses so called “security systems” is a huge gap. The law also implies the local municipalities will have different requirements than the state.  In Colorado and Washington they have minimum specifications written into the law so there is no leaving it up to the inspector to say yes or no I think it looks good. The inspector says yes you have the right setup or no you do not based on state law regulations.

By definition, a security system would alert you to an intruder. Well, I could put one PIR sensor on a window and “poof” . . . I have a security system that is a joke.  On the other side, the inspector could demand you put sensors on everything including the plants (which makes no sense). The inspectors are not security experts. Sure it makes sense to put sensors on exterior doors and windows, but not interior doors and windows.

Types of locking mechanisms for doors and egress. The lack of descriptive language for “security” again can and likely will be a judgement call. Ask any fire marshal and they will tell you a locked door must allow for unrestricted egress from a building.

An alarm system is also required at the location of distribution, manufacturing , and growing. Again the way “alarm “ is not defined is a problem. When it comes to securing your perimeter from intruders, this is very important to protect your business.  You are going to need, not want, but need sensors on every external door and window. If you have a gated facility you are going to want sensors on the gates as well. Instead of sensors, installing an access control system that can work with a gate would be best. As an access control system would have a log of people going in and out with their access cards or fobs. Getting into access control there are different types of mag locks with different amounts of force holding the lock shut. More to the point, force equals mass times acceleration (F=MA)  meaning that a 350LB mag door lock is not the best option. Unfortunately businesses that grow or sell marijuana products are targets. For someone like myself, if I ran full speed at a door with a 350LB rating I would open it. My shoulder would hurt and might get bruised, but I would still get the door open without tools. Never just meet regulations when it comes to security . . . always exceed them.  Get the 1200LB mag lock and know I will need a Mack truck to open the door.

Another aspect of an alarm system is that it notifies somebody that there is a breach in real time. In a fire alarm they typically notify a central monitoring station and personnel is dispatched to go onsite to investigate. How that exactly works is dependent on the municipality. Some cities monitor themselves and charge the business while others cites have a separate monitoring businesses that monitor and then notify the authorities if needed.

The surveillance system and lack of visible ID cards on staff, are going to be the gravy in fines the state collects from everyone. I have heard this first hand from the growers in Washington and Colorado. These are the easiest things to check and fine you for. All employees must have the badges on them and not covered. It does not matter if it is under a shirt because you will still get fined. For the security camera system they cite people for not having the correct resolutions, frame rates, and total recording time.  In WA and CO the resolution must be at least D1 with 10 frames per second and 45 days storage of data. When inspectors ask you to show them your settings . . . they had better be correct. For playback, they will ask you to go back as far as you can and if you have 44 days and 23 hours your are going to get fined! You must have at least 45 days. We have calculators and people to ask to make sure you get the right equipment. Also, our entry level equipment will in most cases fill all the requirements but they will have to be configured to the state law.

By the end of the year, Oregon is supposed to have more clearly defined what the security system requirements are for possessing Marijuana in Oregon. Once all of the specifications are known, give us a call so we can get you compliant. When you are within or exceed state requirements you can rest easy knowing that you are not going to get fined because you didn’t know or were unsure about set up. Here at Security Camera King we have worked closely with the states including Oregon in getting requirements that work for everyone. Then, we train our customers on operations of the security cameras so you all understand the law and your equipment.  


Correctly installing a security camera outside.

Written By:
Monday, December 28th, 2015

Installing a security camera system is an intelligent way for you to protect your home or business. Many people do not understand how valuable a surveillance system is when it comes to security but the fact is that having one of these systems can help to secure the locations that are most important to you. It is pretty common knowledge that these CCTV cameras can provide you with video footage which can help law enforcement investigators catch criminals who may target the protected premises. Not everyone realizes that a security camera system can also act to deter crime in the areas where the cameras are mounted. The general idea here is that when someone who intends to commit a criminal act sees that they are on camera that they will move along. In order to maximize the benefit of a surveillance camera system, it really helps to have the cameras mounted in the most effective positions. The technique of installing security cameras is not difficult but mistakes can be pricey. For this reason, it is a good idea to understand the entire process before beginning your installation.



The first thing you will need to do is choose the camera which will best suit your budget and role that you have planned for it. Techpro Security offers several different types of security cameras which offer a wide variety in cost and the way they perform. It is very important to understand these differences before purchasing your equipment. offers a vast amount of information and our sales team specializes in helping you to understand the details of the different pieces of equipment.

You will need to make sure that the camera that you select is meant to be installed outdoors and can handle the elements and the proper temperature ranges. It is not recommended that you use indoor cameras outside, regardless of how well protected the mounting location will be. A security camera will not function well if moisture penetrates into the interior mechanisms of a security camera. This can easily cause the camera to malfunction and stop working. Outdoor cameras may cost a bit more initially but it will be cheaper than having to replace an indoor camera which has died because it was asked to fill a role which it was not intended to fill.

There are several other features that security cameras have which may be helpful for you to know about when making a decision. One of the most important features of an outdoor camera is the ability to produce infrared (IR) illumination. If a camera has this feature it will be able to project infrared light to varying distances and see that far even though this light is not visible to the human eye. This will allow the camera to produce high quality video even though a person will not see any light in the area except a slight red glow coming from the camera. Alternatively, you can either have other artificial lighting fixtures in the area or you can also hang a separate IR illuminator in the area, but you will need to make sure that the camera has IR cut filter in order to see this type of light.

In a perfect world, all security cameras would have consistent lighting conditions throughout the field of view. Unfortunately this is not always possible so it’s a good thing that there are some features to look for in your security cameras when the lighting will present a challenge. For example head light compensation, back light compensation and wide dynamic range will all be features to help you capture high quality video in most lighting conditions.


Before we get to the actual camera installation, it’s important to realize the camera is only one component that will make up your security camera system. What do you want your camera system to do? Are you trying to make sure that you have video of any criminal activity in the area? Are you keeping an eye on employees? What resolution do you want? These are all question which are vital to planning out your security camera system. Once you have a clear understanding of what you need the system to do then it’s a good idea to talk to our sales team as well as doing any research that you can.

At this point, when you talk to our sales team they will be able to match you with the equipment that will best suit your needs and budget. We can help you get the cameras that will be able to view the required distance or area. We can help you make sure that your cameras will be able to have the illumination required to get you the best video possible. We can even help place your cameras to maximize their effectiveness. Every install is different and we have helped with thousands of them. We make it a priority to make sure that every customer is happy and their surveillance camera system performs the way that the customer wants.


Real criminals usually put a considerable amount of planning and thought into their crimes. This means that you will need to pay close attention to the fine details of an install location. We are here to help you but walking the grounds can be invaluable. You will need to make sure that there is a clear field of view between the cameras and their target areas. It’s also a good idea to make sure that it’s not possible to sneak up on a camera without being viewed by another camera.

You should also mount your cameras as high as possible because this will increase their field of view and keep them out of arms reach. This will help prevent anyone from tampering with the camera.

Another consideration is to look out for any sight obstructions in the camera’s view and blind spots that they may create. It is a very good idea for you to do some testing for this and every other aspect of your CCTV system before actually mounting any cameras or pulling the cables through tight space. This will allow you to make adjustments without it adding to the labor involved.


It’s a fairly simple process to actually mount a camera but there are a few things that you should keep in mind.
– If you are going to mount a camera on a particularly hard surface (like brick or concrete), then you will probably want to use a hammer drill.
– It is very important that you protect the camera’s connectors from the elements. Even if the camera is designed for use outdoors, the connectors will always be vulnerable   to moisture. This can be achieved through the use of a junction box or by mounting the camera over the hole that you made in the mounting surface in order to get your   cable to the camera.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 – It is always a good idea to use some type of weather proof sealant around a camera’s mounting plate. This will help to further protect a camera’s connectors.