Archive for the ‘ CCTV Articles ’ Category



Persistent Surveillance Systems – The Eye in the Sky

Written By:
Wednesday, May 20th, 2015
Persistent Surveillance Systems

Are you against or for aerial surveillance systems?

Working in the surveillance industry, you come to realize really quick that CCTV systems can widely reduce crime when in plain sight. Most people who are considering breaking the law will think twice when they see or know that there are surveillance cameras watching their every move. As we forge on into the future, technology is improving at an insane rate. This of course comes along with many privacy concerns. There are technologies that can help solve crimes which are not being used for privacy reasons alone. One technology that rides on the border of these privacy concerns is called Persistent Surveillance Systems. These are wide area surveillance systems that are usually mounted to a plane, drone, or tower high in the sky and can capture video of whole cities or towns. These innovative systems are no longer just being used to only capture video of military battles, but also being used by the police force to watch over cities. Some of these systems are composed of 192 Megapixel, full color cameras mounted to a plane in multiple locations to keep an eye on crime from up above. These multiple cameras are mounted in a way that they point in different directions to capture separate sections of a location and the software stitches it all together as one.

Ross McNutt by one of his aerial surveillance Cessnas

Ross McNutt by one of his aerial surveillance Cessnas

Ross McNutt, the genial president of Persistent Surveillance Systems, mentioned that he has witnessed many occurrences where people were murdered. The murderers were captured because of this technology, and most people feel that there would be even less crime once there is more press out there about these cities having surveillance up in the sky. In one specific incident, even though the video had very poor clarity, the images revealed a gang getting together to block off road access points and sending a shooter to meet his target. The cameras captured this man taking off after the body hit the ground. When the police finally received a copy of the report, they noticed that there was a picture of a blue building that the murderer ran into. This footage contained the images of a man being murdered in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, using cameras specially fitted onto a Cessna plane. McNutt stated, “I’ve witnessed 34 of these. It’s like opening up a murder mystery in the middle, and you need to figure out what happened before and after.”

We have definitely become more accustomed to seeing CCTV surveillance cameras in public, and most people don’t even think twice about it. However, new technologies are here that most people aren’t even aware of yet and it’s capable of being deployed without anyone even really knowing about it. These technologies can track cars in small cities for many hours at a time. The clarity isn’t good enough to distinguish faces or license plates, but it certainly is capable of tracking an individual. If a police officer wanted to find out who they were tracking, all they have to do is go to the business or the homes of the places these individuals are visiting and ask them to help identify the person of interest.

These cameras are already being used for securing large events such as the Ohio political rally where John McCain named Sarah Palin as his running mate back in 2008 (Which was a stupid move in my opinion!). They have even used this technology for Police demonstrations and NASCAR races. They have even been commissioned to use it for a request that a Mexican politician put in for the city of Ciudad Juárez. These cameras have basically become a time machine for the police force, allowing them to look back at an incident that occurred during the recording.

Persistent Surveillance Systems

Aerial Surveillance Software leads to capturing criminals but at what cost?

Of course, this is becoming more and more of a civil liberty concern for city officials and civilians alike. The Supreme Court has given permission for this technology to be used as long as they are only video taping instances that can be seen with the naked eye in public. McNutt is a retired Air Force officer who has designed a similar system and has been fighting to win over the officials. He did make a good point that these flights are way cheaper and more efficient than police helicopter missions. He has also mentioned that a single camera on top of the Washington monument could possibly deter most of the crime in the area. Especially if the media speaks up about it and help make more people aware. Criminals will definitely be deterred when they hear about all the cameras that are on them when they are about to commit a particular crime. Those 192MP cameras can capture up to 50 crimes within a short 6 hour flight that would provide the city police with a stream that covers more than 1/3 of the city. McNutt feels that this technology will deter crime enough to raise property values, create better schools, increase development in the specific areas, and eventually even lower arrest rates.

The Dayton Ohio police force has even planned on inviting the public out to see how this system works. This will more than likely make some people feel better about it, and also deter others who may have been criminals before and are then too scared to commit a crime in fear of being caught. Many defense contractors are eager to use technology that has been used in the military in the past, but McNutt is taking the time to get information from the American Civil Liberties Union in order to write a proper privacy policy for this technology. This policy would set the rules on how long and how much data can be stored, as well as setting some guidelines for who has the ability to access the system and footage. According to the policy being put together, Police shouldn’t be able to watch back any of the footage unless there is a crime that occurred. This way the system cannot be misused to spy on people or gather information that is not directly related to protecting the city. He plans on extending the range that these cameras can see, but he does not have current plans to improve the clarity of the footage. So in reality, people shouldn’t be so worried about what they’re going to be seen doing since the cameras can’t pick up that kind of clarity. People are certainly worried that if they’re hanging out in their yards, that every move they make is going to be seen. These cameras will benefit in seeing a person leaving the scene of the crime and following them to their destination instead of seeing every last detail of the person and vehicle they may be driving. During one demonstration of the software, there was an attempted robbery in a book store and shots were fired. The footage ended up showing that there was just one car which drove between locations helping them identify what happened.

Unfortunately, this is how police departments are viewing this issue. They would rather people be afraid of when they’re being watched and I’m not sure that’s really the best solution to these problems. This type of attitude can lead to the “1984” scenario that everyone always talks about. Militarize police in America, it’s what everyone seems to be against other than the police. Even the politicians feel that this isn’t the best solution and they know that the public wont be too happy about it even with their privacy policy. Just because those are the rules doesn’t mean that police forces are going to fully obey them. McNutt has complained that they aren’t serious about crime, but I disagree. I feel like he’s just disregarding the fact that these politicians and the public may have a much better understanding of the constitutional problem with an aerial surveillance system.

How do you guys feel about this? Do you think it’s okay for them to monitor cities and towns from the sky in order to maintain public safety, or do you think it’s just going to cause more privacy issues while going against our civil liberties? Share your thoughts and concerns in the comment section below.

If you have any questions that we may be able to answer about CCTV products for your home or business feel free to contact us at anytime Mon-Fri from 9AM-8PM EST. We have now opened a secondary location in Wheat Ridge Colorado so we’re able to stay open two hours later in order to help you with your tech support or sales questions. Our phone numbers and contact info are listed below in the footer of this web site.

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I-502 and Amendment 64 – How do I know if I am getting 45 days of recording?

Written By:
Monday, May 18th, 2015

I-502, Amendment 64, and everyone else who wants to get X amount of days of continuous recording.

45dayshead

If you have a law that dictates a recording need, or you have a personal requirement, this guide will focus on how you can evaluate your hard drive space.  You cannot specify in your DVR to achieve 45 days of recording, so this is done by having settings that produce this particular result.  There are hard drive calculators out there, but they are only estimates.  So this guide will help you view your actual file sizes so that you know exactly what you are getting.  Our sales department will use a couple pieces of information when evaluating this need.  1)  They will remove 10 percent immediately when they estimate the hard drive.  The reason for this is that a 4 TB hard drive will never be 4 TB when it is formatted or utilized.  Approximately 10 percent of the space will not be available.  2) They will use our CCTV Hard Drive Calculator that is located in our CCTV learning center.  Let’s say you have 32 cameras for the sake of this article.   You would choose 32 cameras at D1 resolution, 10 frames per second, 24 hours per day, and 45 days to find the hard drive requirement.  Since calculators are an estimate, let’s move on to the actual files.

Smart PSS is great for finding your file sizes

Make sure you have Smart PSS installed and configured to view playback from your DVR.  We are going to use it as a tool to find our file sizes.  Your computer needs to be plugged into a router, and your DVR needs to be plugged into the same router, and they need to be on the same network scheme in order to access it through Smart PSS.  When recording full time, every hour is recorded as one file, so everyday should have 24 files per camera to allow for a 24 hour day.

The first thing you need to do from the playback window is select camera 1 and use any date while you click the search button.  You should see a timeline populate with a green line that you can click on to view playback, but for the sake of this article, we care more about the files than the playback.  We are going to click on the Event button, so we can see the actual files listed.   This article is based on all cameras being the same model as well as having the same settings.  Therefore, if you have any differences, you will have to calculate each channel separately.

smartpssevent

Now it is time for some math

The DVR on my desk shows 770 MB for each hour, so we can multiply that number times 24 to see how much hard drive space one camera will need per day.  Then we will multiply times 32 cameras to see how much hard drive space all my cameras will need for each day.  Then we can multiply that number times 45 days to see how much hard drive space will be needed.

Data Measurement Chart
Data Measurement Size
Bit Single Binary Digit (1 or 0)
Byte 8 bits
Kilobyte (KB) 1,024 Bytes
Megabyte (MB) 1,024 Kilobytes (KB)
Gigabyte (GB) 1,024 Megabytes (MB)
Terabyte (TB) 1,024 Gigabytes (GB)
Petabyte (PB) 1,024 Terabytes (TB)
Exabyte (EB) 1,024 Petabytes (PB)

Based on my camera file size, we can do the math.  So I will multiply 770 MB times 24 to get 18480 MB, and divide by 1024 to get 18.05 GB.  Next I will multiply 18.05 times 32 to get 577.6 GB to have my daily Hard Drive requirement for 32 cameras.  Next I will multiply times 45 to get 25992, which divided by 1024 is 25.38 TB.  So what I have learned is that 770 MB per hour is way too big of a file size and will require an enormous amount of Hard Drive Space to house 45 days of recording for 32 cameras.  I check my encoding section of my DVR and notice that it is set to 960H with 30 frames per second and a bit rate of 2048 Kb/S.  The calculator on our website seems to be based on a bit rate of about 384 Kbps.   So if I drop my resolution to D1 with 10 frames per second, I can dramatically change my hard drive usage.  Let us see what happens when I do that.

It looks like these new settings are producing a file size of 193.52 MB, which is a huge decrease from the whopping 770 MB that I had with the higher settings.  Now we will multiply that times 24 (hours) to give 4644.48 MB and then divide by 1024 to give 4.53 GB for one day of recording space.  Now we multiply that times 32 (cameras) to get 144.96 GB for all 32 cameras to record one day.  Now we will multiply times 45 (days), and we get 6523.2 GB which is 6.37 TB when divided by 1024.  Now that is a number that we can live with since two 4 TB drives should fit that amount of files safely.

  1. Filesize  x  24 = camera space per day / 1024 = number in Gigabytes
  2. Camera space per day  x  number of cameras = all cameras per day in Gigabytes
  3. All cameras per day  x  45 days = Total space / 1024 = Total space in Terrabytes

In Conclusion

This has becoming an increasingly more important topic with all the new I-502 and Amendment 64 businesses that are launching, and the need for people to know their exact numbers.  I do recommend to anyone that has a strict requirement for hard drive space that they should double up on their hard drives so they can be prepared for the possibility of a hard drive failure.  What happens when your hard drives fail?  If you are calculating your space based on very specific settings, and then you do not have one of your hard drives, you will no longer meet that requirement.  It is important to have redundancy for the most fragile component of your setup.  Hard drives can last a long time without failure, but these larger drives are more complex devices being put through the stress of trying to record 32 channels of video at one time, for example.  It is wise not to run a business where all your faith is placed in Hard Drives lasting through massive amounts of nonstop recording and high demands.  With that said, it is good to meet your requirement, and then double it so that you can have the piece of mind that your business deserves.

Also, you can always call us to do the math for you.

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How to Configure TechPro Security DX Access Control Software

Written By:
Wednesday, May 13th, 2015

Access control is one of the topics we have seen that has the most questions when it comes to giving access to certain users. Many customers call us for help building and configuring there DX Access Control Software, and in this article I will go over some of the most important aspects of how to install, configure, and upload the database information to the access control board.

Things you will need are:

Computer Running Windows 7. 8.1 or Windows Server 2008 x32 or x64 bit version.

Software Download: Free Access Control Software

Access control Cards (Fobs or Cards): DX Series Credit Card Size 125KHz Access Control Cards or DX Series 125KHz Access Control Key FOB (Blue)

USB Card /Fob Registration Reader (Not Necessary but makes things easier) DX Series USB Card / Key Fob Registration Reader

Installation Process

Download the software and proceed with the installation. After the software is installed, click on the newly created icon named access control.

A login window will appear. The default username is abc and 123 for the password.

Access Control Login1

After logging into the software the following interface will appear:

MAin Interface

At this point you will need to have the Access Control board connected to a switch with a static IP address configured. It is required to use the Web Configuration Tool. Steps are covered here .

Click on “Controllers” button, then click on search to find the controller(s) in the network. The next page will display one or many controllers in the network:

Search Interface

If multiple boards are found, then you can click on “Configure” to change there IP address, subnet and gateway. NOTE: We strongly recommend to leave the default port to 60000. Do not attempt to change this port to something different because it will not work with the software and it will not be able to upload any settings to the access control board. Notice that the serial number on the board and the MAC address is also displaying in this window. When done, click “Add Found To System”.

Double click on the serial number of the board and the following window will appear:

SN

From here you can add a note to identify the location of the board. Click on the “Zone” button to determine the name of the Door Zones to where each of the readers are installed. In this Demo I will be using Techpro Security.

NOTE: In order to rename the Door Names you will need to double click the serial number of the board under the controllers page or click Next to access the extended features of the board. 

Next, click on “Building Room” button to add your departments. This will help you out a lot to determine access rights and privileges of your employees.

Building Room

The next step will be creating your users that will be allowed access or denied access. Click on the “Personnel” button to add users. In here you will  be able to add one or multiple cards at one time if using the Usb Reader for DX series Access Control. Click on Add to add one user at the time. Notice that each employee will have a unique User ID that is required. Type the Name and last Name of the person that will hold the Card. Type the last 8 digits of the card, starting with the first 3 digits before the (,). If the first digits starts with (Zero 0) then you will not need to type it. Also you do not need to type the (,) when entering the number. Select the building room where that user belongs to. You can add a picture if you like or provide more information using the “Others” tab.

USB ReaderAdd Users

Access Privilege is the section where you will assign which users have access to what doors. From the users “Building Room” dropdown, select your group(s). You can add one user at the time or you can add all of them at once by holding down the Shift key on your keyboard. Click on the double arrow button to add all the users or the single arrow to add only the selected users. From the doors “Zones” dropdown, select the door(s) that you want the select room group to have access to. Click on the double arrow button to add all the doors or the single arrow to add only the selected doors. Click on “Allow And Upload” to push the information to the Access Control Board.

Privilege

Basic Operate – in this section you can see some of the features of the board such as monitor, time adjust, real time monitoring logs, etc. You can also get more features if you enable the extended features. Click on “Tools”, “Extended Functions” and type the following password (5678). Click OK and select the options  (Activate Time Profile) and (Remote Open Door). Other features can be enabled in the extended functions page, but I will recommend to review the manual to know exactly what these features can do.

OperateActivate

Time Profile is one of the most important features that needs to be configured properly. It is recommended to enable this feature in the Extended Functions to make sure your employees have only the appropriate access to areas in your facility, and they are restricted to enter those areas after hours. Click on the time profile button and click new. Notice that the software will assigned a time profile ID that you can’t change. Type a description that will reference who will be under this time profile. For example if you have work shift, I will create one that reflect the work period of that shift. If your business has 3 shifts (Equally to 24 Period) then I will call it Shift Period 1 and add the days of the week and Time that the shift will operate. Use the time segment section to set the interval for that shift period. Create new Time Profile shifts  for every other Time period your company might use.

Time Profile

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Contingency and Congruency: Planning for your Surveillance System

Written By:
Friday, May 8th, 2015

CCTV-Camera-Installer

When building a security camera system, it is important to plan out your security layout to include contingency and congruency options. What does this mean really? It means planning for the worst case scenario. Planning for all foreseeable contingencies and running congruent systems to compartmentalize as much potential damage the system could possibly receive in a worst case scenario. When our sales team helps you plot your layout or system, we take many factors into account and in doing so we account for contingency and congruency options in a variety of ways. Our discussion here will focus on awareness of these options and allow for you to consider multiple possible solutions.  This is to make you more conscious and understanding of infrastructure options when it comes to your cameras, digital video recorders, and cabling. Furthermore, these thoughts and strategies can be applied to all your systems, including access control, loss prevention, employee accountability and even some grow strategies.

The first step is planning for contingencies. This allows you to  present the best and strongest defense you can have.  Any good boy scout can tell you “Preparation is key”. Contingency planning is essentially just preparing for the worst case scenario and this can include even the improbable and unlikely. In considering these things, you will find your surveillance system encountering far fewer slow-downs during emergencies. This is extremely important for businesses who depend on their surveillance systems. For example, let us consider for a moment the unlikely scenario of a fire in a secured room containing a safe or a vault. Damaged surveillance cameras could cause a serious hole in your security.  Having this added issue could cut further into your profits than just the initial loss by slowing your routine.  This could be a devastating blow to a business. Meanwhile, having a spare camera, cable, and perhaps other equipment could bring that room back to recovery much faster than ordering replacements would allow.   This would also allow you to neatly avoid rush shipping which can be an expensive emergency cost if your budget isn’t prepared for it. While extremely unlikely or improbable, everything is subject to Murphy’s Law. Even though these events are indeed unlikely and more so improbable, they are still a very real possibility. Having extra cameras on hand or a spare digital video recorder and hard drive, if your budget allows, can benefit you in multiple ways. For example, if an opportunity to expand or grow avails itself, you may have less start-up costs because of your reserve equipment. Contingency planning and purchases can and should include other items such as generators, battery backups, and surge protectors to protect against harmful lightning strikes or power surges and failures. This will allow you to continue working and protect your product when others may lose their ability to produce. The ability to have your system constantly running can keep you above reproach and protect you during moments of vulnerability. It can also allow you more flexibility in your infrastructure as it pertains to organizing and congruency.

contingency2

Which naturally leads us to congruency planning for your layout or surveillance system. Congruency planning is preparing and planning your system so that it can be interchanged and switched as your operations grows and the shape of your layout changes. It is the art of interchangeable compartmentalization. Congruency planning is best explained as simplifying your systems and hardware to be interchangeable.  The phrase “don’t put all your eggs in one basket” is a simple and shrewd business strategy that can be applied to your surveillance system, access control systems, and other security measures. Just as you have multiple computers or point of sales that have the same software and hardware, so can you have multiple digital video recorder systems in case one is vandalized by a manager knowing he is about to be terminated or damaged by an act of God. For example, having multiple small digital video recorders with one or two ports unused allows that if you need to expand or move cameras from one digital video recorder to another you are free to do so without having any loss in coverage.  No fretting, No hassle, quick resolutions to emergency situations.  Whether it be cameras, digital video recorders, hard drives, cabling, it is important to use the same items throughout. This makes any individual part of your system interchangeable with the other. Say you want to enlarge one room and shorten another. Relocating a camera is far easier when it doesn’t matter which camera you move. From running multiple systems to using the same digital video recorders, congruency is an integral part of planning your surveillance system. Congruency is a simple solution for contingency planning and your most effective option.

So what can we do to help? First we take into account your needs when we give you your initial layout and quote. We leave room for you to expand your system as your business grows, from adding cameras to alarm inputs and outputs. Next we provide multiple solutions to your surveillance and security needs. We look at each case and assess whether it is more effective to utilize two 16 channel digital video recorder units, or one 32 channel digital video recorder unit.  We also include simplified solutions by trying to maintain redundancy as much as possible with your camera choices while still recommending the right camera for the right job.  In each case, we carefully plan out your system to offer you the optimal solution for your layout or system.  Beyond that, our tech support is for the lifetime of the product, available to help you adjust your settings and help you set up, as needed. We can also help you with your access control needs and simplify your layouts for these systems as well by maintaining equipment redundancy.  Access control is just another aspect of the field we specialize in, again providing you with unparalleled service and support. We are always here to offer you multiple solutions to your surveillance requests.  Give us a call wed be glad to assist you!

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How to Connect an IP Camera to an NVR (Network Video Recorder)

Written By:
Wednesday, May 6th, 2015

For years, many customers have asked me what is the best way to to connect an IP camera to an NVR (Network Video Recorder). In this article, I will describe what I think are the best settings you should have in your NVR and IP cameras.

One thing I will recommend to you is to investigate how your network is laid out and have some knowledge of how many computers are connected to your network. This way, it will prevent any IP conflict when configuring the IP camera and the NVR security recorder. By default, all of our recorders will be set with a static 192.168.1.108 and the majority of the IP cameras will be DHCP.

The easiest way to figure what to do at this point is to connect the recorder to the power supply that comes with the unit and then connect an Ethernet cable from your router to the Ethernet port of the NVR. After the unit turns On you will then need to go to the network settings of the NVR. Of course, you need to be connected to a monitor to see these settings.

Main menu

Most of our NVRs will have a new interface, the “blue interface”, and the menus will be spread out a bit different than the previous version. At this point you will notice that there are 3 parts of this window menu: The top is operation, mid is info, and bottom is setting. Go to network and the following page will display:

Dual Nic Art2

Depending on the type of NVR you have, some will have additional settings, but overall the steps are the same. We will be focusing on getting an IP address for the NVR. Click on DHCP, apply and save. You will be kicked out of that menu and in a few seconds your NVR will contact the router to get an available IP address.  Go back to the network settings to see what IP address you received. Normally what I will do is to set the IP address to a digit higher than what the NVR was assigned. This way I will avoid any IP conflicts in the network. Certain router’s DHCP settings will start from 192.168.1.100 all the way to 192.168.1.254 and it also depends on the network scheme and who configured the router initially. Assuming that the router’s scheme is within the numbers above I will set the NVR with the following IP: 192.168.1.200.

Now that I have that out of the way the next thing to do is configure the IP cameras. In the past, all of our IP cameras used to be configured with this IP address: 192.168.1.108. Many times customers and installers used to connect all the cameras at the same time without considering that it could cause a major problem when trying to assign an IP address to the camera or even to have the cameras show up in the tool finder (Config Tool). Nowadays most of our cameras are configured as DHCP. Therefore, if you have a router in the same network as the NVR, then most likely the camera will get an IP address from the DHCP pool setup in the router as soon as it is connected to the the POE switch that they will be connected to.

Here a snapshot of the config Tool:

Config Tool

CAMERA CONFIGURATION PROCESS

Open the config tool and it should populate all of the IP addresses that your equipment got assigned from the network.

NOTE: THERE IS NOT A 100% GUARANTEE THAT ALL THE CAMERAS WILL BE DHCP. THEREFORE, IT COULD NOT SHOW ALL OF THE CAMERAS CONNECTED IN THE NETWORK. AT THAT POINT IT WILL BE RECOMMENDED TO CONNECT ONE CAMERA AT THE TIME AND CHANGE EACH IP ADDRESS AS YOU CONNECT EACH CAMERA.

Assuming that each camera showed up in the tool, click on one of the IP addresses and a box will appear asking you for a username and password:

Config Tool Login

Click on login to access the camera’s IP interface:

Config Tool DHCP

If the camera is configured DHCP most likely it will show like the picture above. Noticed the IP address field along with subnet mask and gateway are gray out. Uncheck the DHCP option marked in red and now you will be able to change the last digit of the camera’s IP address to something different. Like I said before, I will change this camera’s IP address to 192.168.1.220 and click save.

Config Tool Static

Now that we have assigned an IP address in the camera, it is time to access the camera’s settings and features. To do so, you will need to open Internet Explorer and begin to set up some of the features of the browser. Click on this link http://www.securitycameraking.com/securityinfo/forum/remote-viewing-software/web-service/ to follow step by step of how to setup this feature.

Type the IP Address of the camera on the address bar of your browser to access the web service. Once the web service comes up, input the username and password. The default username and password for our cameras is “admin”. After accessing the camera make sure the ActiveX files are installed. They will be needed to access and configure Video resolutions, Schedule, etc.

On the left side of the camera settings go to conditions to adjust the brightness, contrast, HUE etc. I normally leave these settings alone, and just change them depending on the environment.

Conditions

Click on video to configure the resolution of the camera, Frames per second, Encoding, etc. This part of the settings is crucial because it has to do with the recording resolution. Notice that you have two columns: One label is Main Stream and the other is Sub Stream. In a nutshell, this is referring to recording streaming and viewing streaming. The Main Stream settings will affect how the camera sends the image to the NVR over the network, among other things; it will also affect recording quality and how many FPS (Frames per Second) your NVR will be able to use as each camera gets added to each of the NVR Channels.

Video

NOTE:  DVRs have a maximum amount of FPS (frames per second) that they can handle. In the case of NVRs, the majority of them are restricted to an amount of  incoming bandwidth, which it makes certain NVRs to support higher resolutions. Although that is a true statement, I will never have cameras connected to the unit using the maximum bandwidth they can handle, because realistically a network can only handle so much data at one time. For those NVRs with a fixed incoming bandwidth, you will need to divide the advertised speed by the amount of cameras connected to the NVR to realize what bit rate each of the cameras need to be set at. Also, you most consider that the incoming bandwidth is shared also with the sub stream. So, on an NVR that supports 200Mbps for incoming bandwidth you will need to allocate 32 Mbps for the Sub Stream, so at the end you will have 168Mbps available in the Main Stream to stream and record.

Once you have decided how many cameras you will be adding to the NVR, it is important to configure the correct FPS, Bit Rate Type and Bit Rate.  For the Bit Rate Type I recommend “CBR” (Constant Bit Rate) instead of “VBR” (Variable Bit Rate), this way the camera will constantly use a predetermine amount of data you set under Bit Rate. The Bit Rate settings will vary depending on what resolution the camera is configured. For a 1080p resolution I will set the Bit Rate to 1024 (1MB) and the FPS to 15. This amount of data is more than enough to stream one camera at 1080p without loosing pixels.

Next we will set the Sub Stream settings. These settings will not affect recording video quality; instead it will affect the way the video performs over a smart phone while using our app TechproSS or TechproSS plus. This is mainly just for viewing purposes and should be set to D1 at 7 FPS or 10 FPS. The Bit Rate type is fine if we use CBR, and the Bit Rate can be set anywhere between 250 Mbps to 320Mbps. Also make sure the Enable option for this Stream is checked, otherwise you will not be able to view any kind of video while viewing the cameras over the phone or NVR local Interface. Under “Code-Stream Type”, click on the Drop Down and choose Motion. Noticed that the Encode Mode and Resolution are now gray out, and this means that you can only change the FPS and Bit Rate to affect how motion events occurs. These settings are ideal when recording based on Motion only, so you can have the Main Stream at a less intense setting and the NVR will record at a higher FPS and resolution when Motion happens due to these settings. Click Save when done.

Motion

Proceed to “Event > Video Detect”. In here we can enable the motion detection feature of the camera. Also, we can adjust the “Anti-Dither”. This acts like a delay to prevent false motion events. The higher the number, the higher the delay the camera will react to motion events. Right now, I like these settings shown in this picture:

Video Detect event

Next option is the Schedule. Click on “Storage > Schedule” and you can set now Motion recording for every day 24/7. Always remember to save your settings.

Schedule

We are almost done configuring the camera. The last thing we need to make sure we have correct is the Time Zone and Date and Time. This is so the info will be displayed correctly in the NVR.  You can click on “Sync PC” button to get the Time and Date of your PC instead of doing it manually. DST is another option you could set up if you want the camera to change its time when the time changes occurs. NOTE: I will much rather to get DST configured over using an NTP server, because the NTP server works with the Time Zone of the Camera and the NVR. I have seen that I’m force to change the Time Zone when the time changes. Typically DST occurs the 2nd week of March and the first week of November every year, but is worth give it a try in my opinion. Check the internet for more details about the time changing based on a the upcoming years.

DST

Lastly you could export all of these settings if you have many cameras to apply this to. The file containing the settings of the camera will not change the IP address of the camera so is safe to apply this to the cameras you are configuring.

Export

HOW TO ADD THE CAMERAS TO THE NVR

Now for the last step after all of the cameras and NVR are configured, we will need to add the cameras to the channels of the NVR. To me the easiest way to do this is from a PC accessing the NVR over the network.  Open Internet Explorer and begin typing the Internal IP address of the NVR.

Go to Setup> Remote and you can click on device search. At this point the NVR will search the entire network and will display the devices for you to select them and add them to the NVR.

Remote Device

Device Search

Add cameras

At this point, after we add the cameras they should show up in the NVR web interface and the device list below:

Cameras added

Here is how the cameras will look in the web interface:

Time

I hope this article will help you understand how this process works.

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