Posts Tagged ‘ camera cables’



Security Camera Cables

Written By:
Friday, March 4th, 2011

If you have a “wired” digital video system, you’ll want to make sure you have the correct security camera cables for it.  In this article we’ll take a look at the most common type of security camera cable and its connectors.

Digital video security cameras generally require two types of cable; one for video transmission of the camera to the DVR (Digital Video Recorder) and one for the power supply for the camera from a power supply source.

The most common security camera cable used today is the RG-59/U.  This is a coaxial cable designed specifically for low-power video signals.   Historically speaking, the name of the cable originates from the U.S. military.  RG-59 designated the type of cable and the “U” stood for general utility use.  However, the “RG” (which stood for “Radio, General”) component is no longer part of military standards, however the name use has remained, generally without the “/U” designation.

RG-59 security camera cable has a unique characteristic that makes it a good match for use with video transmissions.  It has the same impedance as an antenna, such as the “rabbit ears” type that was used on televisions.  This impedance of 75 ohms makes the cable a good choice for radio frequency transmissions for televisions, DVRs, and security camera video.  RG-59 is smaller than typical cable television cable, RG-6, and is therefore less obtrusive and easier to manipulate.

However, RG-59 has a tendency toward high-frequency losses over long distances (greater than RG-6 for example) but 750 feet seems to be a generally agreed upon length before significant losses appear.  These can also be corrected with drop amplifiers or active (powered) baluns to boost signals.  For most security camera systems applications, RG-59 coaxial cable works well.

The RG-59 security camera cable consists of an outer plastic sheath (the colored cover or jacket of the cable), followed by a copper braid shield (it looks like a mesh or netting of fine wire), underneath which is an inner dielectric insulator (often looks like a milky white thick plastic material somewhat like a drinking straw) that contains a copper-plated or solid copper (better performance) center wire core.

RG-59 cable is usually fitted with one of three different types of connector; F connectors (used most commonly for cable television applications), RCA plugs (often used by DVD players), and BNC connectors.  By far the most common type of security camera cable connector is the BNC.

The BNC connector provides a means of connection for both the shield and core of the cable.  The connector has “male” and “female” plug types that when inserted together and twisted properly, stay locked together.  In fact “BNC” stands for the bayonet like locking mechanism (B), and Paul Neill (N) and Carl Concelman (C) it’s inventors.

Security Camera King offers three different types of BNC connectors based on how they attach to the RG-59 cable.  Connectors are fastened to the security camera cables either by twisting on, crimping, or compression.  Twisting is the simplest and requires no additional tools once the wire is stripped and trimmed.  Crimping, when done properly, generally holds the connector to the cable better but requires the use of a crimping tool.  The best connection that provides the greatest strength is the compression BNC and it requires a compression tool.

Security cameras also require a power supply cable.  This is normally standard 18 gauge copper wire with plastic insulation.  The power for most security cameras is low voltage DC current of 12 volts or low voltage AC current of only 24 volts and this wire is suitable for carrying the power supply of either.  The power supply cable that terminates at the security camera end usually does so using either screw terminals for each wire (often for AC) or a 2.5 mm female type power plug (often for DC) with a positive center.

Security Camera King offers complete security camera systems that include security camera cables for both power and video transmission.  We offer pre-cut lengths of video and power supply cable with connectors already installed for “plug n play” use.

For applications with differing distances of cameras from the DVR, we offer bulk Siamese RG-59/18-2 cable with twist-on connectors.  This cable consists of both the RG-59 video transmission cable and the 18 gauge 2-wire power supply cable.  One cable means one run per camera saving you time and work.

There also offer other types of less common security camera cables.  Check our Web catalog for more information.

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Night Time Outdoor Security Camera Kits

Written By:
Thursday, December 23rd, 2010

If you have property that you need to protect or monitor during low or no light conditions consider purchasing night time outdoor security camera kits. These kits can provide you with all the equipment you need to effectively monitor and protect your property, without the need for expensive outdoor lighting. Thanks to modern technological improvements, these kits are reasonably priced as well.

So what do night time outdoor security kits contain? Kits may vary based on manufacturers or vendors, but most kits contain at least two major components of a digital video security camera system: 1) Very low light or no light outdoor security cameras; and, 2) A Digital Video Recorder (DVR) with a Digital Signal Processor (DSP). Since monitor applications differ, and many systems may be able to use an existing computer monitor for your security camera system, monitors are usually sold separately from the kit.

Security Camera King offers a variety of digital video security camera kits including night time outdoor security camera kits. However, in addition to the digital video cameras and a DVR, Security Camera King’s security kits come complete with either plug and play camera cables or bulk cable, and either a multiple channel space saving power supply or a multiple channel power distribution box.

A night time outdoor security camera kit is a highly specialized type of digital video security camera system. These systems contain cameras that are designed for outdoor use and can record video in very low-light or no-light conditions. Let’s take a look at these cameras.

First, there are two basic types of digital video security cameras, indoor and outdoor. Indoor models are designed to operate under the protection of a building or cover of some type. They are not designed to operate when exposed to weather or the elements, such as rain, snow, hail, ice, etc.

Outdoor cameras are designed to operate in outdoor settings, exposed to and offering protection to the camera from, weather and the elements. The cameras are normally enclosed by a protective covering. Outdoor cameras are often rated with an International Electrotechnical Commission (EIC) code or rating that indicates the degree of protection that is provided to the camera. The rating is called an IP code or IP rating.

An IP code consists of the letters “IP” followed by two digits. The first digit indicates the size of the object that the camera is protected from ranging from 0 (meaning no protection) to 6 (meaning dust tight). Numbers from 1 – 5 indicate different sizes ranging from >50 mm to particles the size of dust. The second digit indicates the degree of protection against liquids ranging from 0 (meaning no protection) to 8 (meaning protection from immersion beyond 1 m in depth). For example, a very good IP rating is IP66 which means the camera housing is dust tight and offers protection against powerful water jets from any direction.

Night time outdoor security camera kits normally include digital video cameras that are specifically made for low-light (also called low “lux”) or no-light (infrared) use. “Lux” is a measurement term used to measure the intensity of light. For example, the light available in full daylight, but not directly in the sun ranges from 10,000 to 25,000 lux. In contrast, the visible available light of a moonless clear night sky is approximately 0.002 lux. Low-light or low-lux cameras can record video in lighting conditions as low as 0.002 lux, depending on the quality of the camera.

No-light cameras are usually called night vision infrared cameras. These cameras are designed to record high-quality video using near infrared illumination. The cameras sensor chip can detect near infrared spectrum radiation just like visible light; however, this illumination is invisible to the human eye.

Infrared cameras usually have an array of infrared Light Emitting Diodes or LEDs that surround the camera lens or are placed next to it so that their infrared illumination is focused on the same field of view as the camera. There are also LED “Illuminators,” separate arrays of just LEDs that can provide illumination for the camera also. Generally, the more LEDs the longer the range of the camera, so when purchasing these cameras be sure they have the night time range that you require.

Night time outdoor security camera kits have come a long way with the technological advances in computer and electronic components. Security Camera King offers several different night time outdoor security camera kits. Check out our products under “Security Camera Systems.”

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