Posts Tagged ‘ home surveillance systems’



How to Install Security Cameras in a Residence

Written By:
Monday, October 6th, 2014

CONTENTS

  1. Know Your Tools
  2. Analog System with Plug & Play Cable
  3. Analog System with Siamese Cable
  4. Megapixel IP System
  5. Find the Right Location for Each Camera
  6. Find the Right Location for your DVR
  7. Running Cables
  8. Power Supplies
  9. Connecting Everything Together
  10. Setting up your DVR

The idea of setting up a security camera system in your home may seem like a hard task when you think about it but in all reality it’s a lot easier than one may think. There are some simple steps and tools you must have in order to install the system successfully but as long as you have what you need, it’s really not that hard at all. One of the main things I tell people is that running the wires is probably the most difficult part of the whole installation and everything after that is pretty much plug and play. The best way to go about installing a surveillance system in your home is to pick a location for each camera, pick a location for your DVR, pick a location for your power supply, run your wires, connect everything together, and then set up your DVR with the proper settings based on your needs.

KNOW YOUR TOOLS

compression tool

Before you get started with running wires and setting up cameras, you’ll want to make sure you have all the proper tools necessary for the installation. One of the biggest mistakes that people make is to start mounting the cameras first by putting holes in your walls or ceilings and then realize that you don’t have everything you need. A lot of companies will not accept the cameras for a full refund after they have been mounted since they show signs of use and cannot be resold as brand new. Also, not having the right tools can make for a very sloppy-looking installation. If you want to have a clean installation, you’ll want to have the same tools that the professionals use. Knowing which tools you’ll need will depend on the type of equipment you are using.

ANALOG SYSTEM WITH PLUG AND PLAY CABLE

complete 4 channel ultimate mini dvr security camera system

If you decide to go with a basic analog system, most of them come with plug and play cables these days. This means that the wires for power and video will already come in a specific length and pre-terminated with ends on them and you will not need the tools necessary for cutting cable or applying the connector ends. You will however, still need the basic drill, screw driver and mounting anchors in order to run your cable and mount the security cameras.

ANALOG SYSTEM WITH SIAMESE CABLE

8 CH Ultimate DVR System

Sometimes home owners will opt to have a better, more reliable type of cable for their security system and Siamese Cable is definitely a higher quality wire. Siamese cable is RG-59 and 18-2 attached together so that you will not have to run a separate wire for video and power. In this line you will have RG-59 which transmits your video signal and 2 wires which are 18 gauge (usually one red and one black) for your power. In this case, depending on which ends you decide to attach to the cable will depend on which tools you’ll be needing. There are Twist-On Connectors available which you can simply twist on using your hand. If this is your choice, you’ll only need a tool for stripping and cutting the cable. There are also Crimp-On and Compression Fittings. This is where you’ll need a specialty tool called a BNC-Crimping Tool or a BNC Compression Tool. These tools will help you put these connectors on the end of the cable and they will be permanently on. The issue with Twist-On connectors is that they can sometimes come off but crimp on and compression fittings are on really tight and provide a good seal between the cable and the connectors.

MEGAPIXEL IP SYSTEM

Pack-NVRELM-4

If you decide to go with a Megapixel IP System, you will more than likely be running CAT5 cable, or something similar. In this case, you will need to make sure that you have a cable stripping tool or a RJ-45 Tool which are usually made to also strip cables as well as attaching the RJ-45 connectors to the cable. There are different types of Ethernet cable for you to choose from but you can still use the same tool no matter which one you get. The differences between each type is beyond the scope of this article but you may search online since there are hundreds of webpages with information showing you the technical differences between each one. One of the main things to keep in mind is that there are different transfer speed rates between each type of Ethernet cable.

FIND THE RIGHT LOCATION FOR EACH CAMERA

Recommended home camera placement

Before making a bunch of holes in your walls or ceilings, the best place to start is scoping out your location and figuring out the best locations to install each camera. Keep in mind that the type of camera you have purchased will play a big part in where they should be mounted. For example, if you have purchased PTZ Cameras you’ll more than likely be putting them outside. Make sure that you put them in a location where you’re getting the most use out of the angles that these awesome cameras are able to capture. If you put them tucked away in a corner, you’ll only be able to see about 90 degrees instead of the 360 degrees that these cameras are capable of capturing. The best location for one of these cameras would be one where you’ll have the ability to look all the way around without it just pointing at walls.

With Dome Cameras you’ll want to either mount them on a ceiling or a wall pointing at the direction you’d like. My suggestion would be to make sure you’re not pointing them towards an area with a lot of light directed towards the lens. I have seen cameras that were placed facing a glass door where a lot of sunlight came in and it would make the whole room one big silhouette. Some of the modern cams sold now will have an ON SCREEN DISPLAY (OSD) which will allow you to change the setting on how the camera sees. However, even with some of the best features, it’s still best putting the camera in a location where it’s not being blinded by another light source. Dome cameras are now built in such a way where you’re able to hide the wires under the housing which is great because it will keep intruders from being able to clip the cable in order to kill power to that camera thus rendering it useless.

FIND THE RIGHT LOCATION FOR YOUR DVR

Finding the right location for your DVR is pretty important. This is the device that you’re going to be recording all of your footage on. You would not want someone to simply come into your home and take the DVR. You would be left with no evidence of what happened and it would defeat the whole purpose of having a system installed. One of the main things that you can keep in mind is that hiding the DVR is your best solution. Check out my previous article for some great ideas on hiding your DVR. Also, keep in mind that all of the wires for each camera will come back to this central location. You’ll want to make sure it’s a location with a small amount of ventilation as well since most DVR’s these days have a hard drive and if it overheats, you will lose your recorded footage. You may also look into backup options in case anything ever happens to your DVR. Some people have a secondary DVR and even external hard drives in separate locations which will allow for backup of your device. There are also options for remotely backing up your recorded footage. Check out our DVRS which have some great backup features.

RUNNING CABLES

Running Cables, Home Wiring Tips

When running your cables, there are some things you’ll want to be aware of. There are some general guidelines to follow to ensure that you’re getting the best performance out of your wiring. First, make sure not to run your audio and video cables too close to high voltage power cables. This could potentially cause interference. Next, try not to make the cables too tight. Always be sure to leave some extra slack so that the cables aren’t being pulled tightly around corners. Make sure not to do anything that pinches the cables because it will impair the performance. If you’re using wire ties, be sure not to make them too tight. Before cutting the cable, make sure you’ve measured the distance so that you have extra cable to account for any bends, turns, or obstacles.

The best solution to running cable is usually to run it from the DVR’s location through an attic directly to the area the cameras are being mounted. This way the wires are hidden and not accessible to anyone trying to vandalize your system by cutting the cameras power or video. If you do not have access to an attic (such as in an apartment) there are other options. You may also run the cable along the edge of a wall, under carpeting, and below baseboards.

POWER SUPPLIES

4CH Power Box Power Mini 4CH Power Supply 4 Channel POE switch

Depending on the type of system you choose will depend on the type of power supply you’ll need. If you are shopping on a budget, there are easy plug and play power supplies available. The amount of channels on a power supply is how many cameras you can hook up to it. There are also power distribution boxes available which are better quality and last longer. Check the power requirements of the cameras you have purchased, most analog cameras will be 12V but there are some which are sold which will require 24V AC instead. If you are not powering the cameras at the source, please note that you will want to check your voltage drops with a volt meter during load (while the camera is on). Especially cameras with IR LEDs. Sometimes cameras will work fine during the day, but will stop working as soon as night time hits and the IRs try to come on. Depending on the type of cable you use, will also depend on the distances you can run your power. There are situations where you can run 24V AC to get longer distances, but if you’re using 12V cameras you have to make sure to buy a power converter so that you don’t fry the cameras. This product will take the 24V AC back down to 12V DC. If you have Dual Voltage cameras, you will not have to worry about this. They will take both 24V and 12V. Check your specifications to be 100% sure before plugging anything in. If you are using a power box with plug and play cables, you’ll need power leads in order to avoid having to cut the connector off the cable just to power the camera. If you’re using Megapixel IP cameras, you can also power through a POE switch which is power over your Ethernet cable.

CONNECTING EVERYTHING TOGETHER

connecting cables back of DVR

Once you have everything setup and tested, you’ll be able to start plugging everything in. This is usually the easiest part. Just make sure that each camera cable is labeled to make it easier on you. For example, if you have a front door camera and you want it on channel one so it shows up first, you would label the wires so that if you ever have to completely unplug everything, you won’t have to turn every camera on in order to find out which cable is connected to which camera. For monitoring, most DVRs will have multiple forms of output. Most will have HDMI, VGA, and BNC outputs which you can use to monitor your system and our devices will allow them all to work simultaneously so that you can connect multiple monitors.

SETTING UP THE DVR

Setting Up Your DVR

Setting up the DVR can get a little confusing for first-timers. Our DVR systems have a lot of settings which can become cumbersome. The good thing is that we offer full support of our products and if you purchased a TechPro DVR system, you can call us anytime during business hours and we’ll answer your questions. If for some reason you’re looking for help off hours or even instant help, we have put together some really great resources to help you set up your DVR. One of the first places you can search for and ask for help is on our Tech Support Forums. People are on there all of the time answering questions and even some of TechPro’s tech support staff will see the questions come in on weekends and answer off-hours. There is a Learning Center on the site with some great resources as well such as this blog, Comparison Charts, Calculators and much more. Lastly, but certainly not least, there are hundreds of product videos and tutorials on our Video Vault and on our YouTube page. Most of the time you can just type in your product number into the search and you’ll find tutorials and unboxing videos.

In conclusion, there may be a lot of information on this article, but setting up a system in your home really isn’t that difficult. There is a lot of technical information that may scare off some people but as long as you have all of the proper products that work together, you’ll be able to just easily plug everything up in your home and be ready to go in no-time! When you call in to make your order, you can ask one of the sales reps for assistance in picking out the right equipment and they’ll make sure you have everything you need. Just always remember that after you purchase your system, they will not forget about you. You can call in any day Mon-Fri from 9am-6pm EST and they’ll answer your questions and help you set up your system if you’re having a hard time!

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Why I would need a Security Camera System in my House?

Written By:
Wednesday, January 8th, 2014

home break-in

If you have been thinking about getting a camera system at home but aren’t really sure if you need it, let me give you a couple scenarios that are happening in my neighborhood. I have worked in this field for quite some time now and have previous military and law enforcement experience yet what we see today honestly appalls me. A detective with the county sheriff where I live keeps me up to speed on current ways criminals are breaking in to homes so we can keep customers prepared and informed on how to protect themselves.

A major problem we face right now is how to protect people from an organized group who prey on the large amount of older retirees we have in our part of the country. Being hard of hearing really can be a detriment. Here is the story:

A gentleman walks to the front door of a house and rings the doorbell or knocks. They start with a simple “Ma’am I am Joe Smith from Random Company and we need to speak to your husband regarding the water lines” If she says he’s not available, a second man standing off to the side so he can overhear the conversation but not be seen by the homeowner makes his way around to the back of the house. Most people have a back door or sliding glass patio door that is left unlocked. The second man goes right to the kitchen counter and takes whatever he wants from the ladies purse. Most women walk into the house and set their purse right on the kitchen counter and never think it is vulnerable.

Once the man has made his way back outside he gives a little whistle or some sign to the man at the door who has been keeping her occupied with a bunch of meaningless conversation, he says thank you have a nice day and they make off with what could just be a few hundred dollars or could be a copy of car and house keys and precious jewelry. They save the keys and come back when no one is home and have whatever they want. They may even wait until the middle of the night and just drive away in a car.

This sort of crime happens daily and has been prevalent in retirement communities where the criminals drive in posing as a landscaping companies and literally go house to house. By the time anyone knows what happened 15 houses have been robbed and no one has a good description because the guys rotate who goes to the door between three or four people so the descriptions contradict each other. If the husband does come to the door, they simply talk their way out of anything and leave.

There is a second group in our area that has become more prevalent since the housing market has imploded. We have quite a few neighborhoods that are less that seventy percent sold and most of those houses are people who only “snowbird” to them during season. This leaves a prime target for theft.

Here again a landscaping company is the cover because they can use a truck or carry a trailer and it doesn’t raise suspicion or even cause the security guards to stop them at the gate. Just a simple polite wave will get you in to a lot of communities around here if you try.

A man will go the front door of a house that has no cars in front and knock or ring the doorbell. If no one answers they go to the back and throw a break a window then leave. After a while they return to see if the cops came because of an alarm or if a neighbor called them. If the coast is clear the go in and take whatever they want. They have even came back to houses with a rental moving truck and back right up to the garage and completely empty the house out. This rarely attracts any attention because right now there is no description of the individuals doing this or what they were driving. The cops are sure how they are doing it but have no idea who is doing it.

This type of stuff is really just two of the hundreds of ways criminals are robbing houses in the daytime right in front of neighbors and no one even realizes what is happening.
Are you asking yourself what can you do to protect yourself? I know I did.

If you have a second home it only seems like an absolute must to have a security system alongside a camera system so you know exactly what is happening at your house any day or anytime you need. Quality cameras and a quality video recording device are essential for having footage to show the police if anything happens. If you don’t have cameras and only an alarm system you may not even be able stop this. Most of the criminals out there can bypass those very quickly.

Also cameras alone won’t stop them. It only deters them and if they do come it keeps evidence to help in identification. If you can’t make out someone’s face you probably won’t be any good to the police. A quality alarm system, alongside a high quality camera system gives you the ability to be notified in two separate ways. The alarm system goes off and they call you to ask if everything is ok, at the same time your NVR sends you an email alert letting you know there is motion on a camera that shouldn’t have motion. You look at your cameras from your phone and see the criminals in action.

This article wasn’t meant to scare you, more importantly this is meant to help you know what can be done to protect your house and your family from some problems that are becoming more prevalent every day.

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Home Surveillance Systems

Written By:
Thursday, March 17th, 2011

Home surveillance systems provide security, protection, and monitoring services that can give you peace of mind and keep your family safe.  These systems are based on digital video and digital data; because of this they have the explicit advantage of sharing the benefits of technological improvements in the personal computing industry.  This means exponentially greater performance at less expensive prices.

Typically, most home surveillance systems are component systems made up of three major components or pieces of equipment; the digital video cameras, the Digital Video Recorder or DVR and one or more monitors.  Digital video cameras may be mounted anywhere that’s advantageous to the user; however, standard applications normally provide for exterior perimeter coverage of the home including entrances, exits, and first floor or ground accessible windows.

Inside the home surveillance system can be “zone” type where coverage is based on specific areas of the home and cameras are normally placed in large rooms, hallways, lobbies, and the like or every room may be equipped with its own camera.  This is really a matter of the user’s preference, as are special use cameras.

Special use cameras on the exterior of the home can include a wide variety of cameras and situations.  For example, outdoor cameras (as well as indoor cameras) can be equipped with infrared illumination and the required electronics so as to provide 24 hour coverage, even in total darkness.

More specific uses for the exterior of the home include gate monitoring, driveway monitoring, garage and other detached building monitoring, pet area monitoring, and entrance monitoring.  These cameras can be standard “wired” types or they can also be wireless where the camera transmits a signal to a receiver that is located close to and cabled with the DVR.

Another useful feature for gate and entrance door cameras is two-audio.  Using two-way audio, the gate camera or door camera can act like a security guard that allows you to converse with whomever maybe at the door or gate before permitting them entry.  Each of Security Camera King’s home surveillance systems DVRs supports two way voice technology.

There are many other uses for exterior home surveillance systems’ cameras that are just too numerous to mention here.  The key point is that with all the basic and optional features that digital video cameras have available to offer; they are so versatile that there is almost no situation where they can’t be used.

In addition, there are probably just as many special uses for cameras inside the home as there are outside.  As mentioned earlier, cameras can come with infrared video capability so that when a room is in total darkness, a clear, crisp highly detailed black and white video can still be created.  These cameras are especially useful as baby monitors.   Placed in the nursery with a full open view of the crib/bed and baby/child, these cameras can monitor the infant all night long without disturbing them.  (The infrared Light Emitting Diodes or LEDs that are used to provide the infrared illumination cannot be seen by the human eye.)

Home surveillance systems for inside the home can also include cameras with motion detectors.  These cameras are connected to an on-board PIR or Passive InfraRed detector that turns the camera on for recording only when motion is detected.  The cameras are useful as alarms as well, for the DVR if so equipped, can be programmed to send and email every time the camera is activated.  Furthermore, these cameras save a tremendous about of DVR hard disk space since they only record when motion is detected.

Another highly specialized use indoor home surveillance systems camera is the hidden or disguised camera.  Modern technology has paved the way for these relatively new cameras.  The units are so small that they can easily be hidden inside other normal working objects.  For example, if you need a camera to monitor your home office while you are away, but feel that a mounted camera may appear obtrusive or aesthetically displeasing, you can use a hidden desk clock camera.  The camera is hidden inside the stylish full operating model of a desk clock.

Security Camera King offers all sorts of home surveillance systems and very competitive prices.  We offer 4, 8, 16, and 32 channel systems that come complete with cameras, cable, connectors, power supplies, and a DVR.  We feature three different types of DVRs; the entry level “Elite Mini,” the full enterprise level “Elite,” and our top of the line “Ultimate.”

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