Surveillance camera lens are slowly beginning to evolve with the technology that supports them. Before the digital age, a good majority of the surveillance cameras required that a lens be purchased for each camera. Presently, some cameras still work that way, but the vast majority has the lens built right into the camera. These lenses are often referred to as “board lenses.”
There are three major types of digital video camera based on their shape, the box type, the bullet type, and the dome type. Basically the bullet and dome type cameras come with a lens already built into the unit. This is often referred to as a board lens. The box camera however, almost always requires the purchase of a lens.