Posts Tagged ‘ video transmission cable’



DVR Security System Cameras

Written By:
Friday, May 6th, 2011

Today’s Digital Video Recorder or DVR security camera systems are an amazing bundle of new high quality technology.  The security camera industry can also thank the personal computer industry as a contributor, because a lot of today’s DVR security camera systems use recently invented technology borrowed from the computer industry.

In this article we are going to describe how a typical DVR security camera system works.

Modern digital video security and surveillance systems are basically component systems.  This means that essentially, the parts of the system are like plug n play items used in computers.  All of the components do not have to be made by one manufacturer, they can differ in function and still work on the system, and they can usually be removed and replaced with something else and the system will continue to work.

This provides tremendous versatility in application because the DVR security camera systems are no longer required to use all of the same components.  For example, an 8 channel system may have 6 bullet cameras and 2 Pan-Tilt-Zoom (PTZ) camera made by a totally different manufacturer.

 

Let’s take a closer look at how a DVR security camera system (and its individual components) works.  The first component of the system is the camera.  There are so many different type of cameras available today that we do not have the space for this article to cover them all.  Instead, let look at how they work

DVR security cameras possess one primary function; transfer the reflecting light that is in its field of vision into electrical impulses that can be measured, manipulated, and compiled to create a digital video file.  This information is then sent to the DVR and/or monitor for processing and viewing.

The camera does this by using one of two different electronic sensor chips called a Charged Coupled Device or CCD or a Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor or CMOS.  Although both sensors work a little differently, the both yield the same end product–the electrical data that can be used to create a digital video file.

This is accomplished by the camera’s lens focusing the field of view onto one of these chips, which generally range from only 1/4″ to 1/2″ square.  When the light strikes the sensor chip, small electrical impulses are created by the pixels in the chip.  Each one can be measured and used to create the data that will be used to display the cameras field of view as a digital video.

At this point the signal is still an analog type signal.  The camera sends this analog data through an analog-to-digital processor chip to convert the data into digital or binary format.  The camera also contains a Digital Signal Processor or DSP chip that is used to make fine adjustments to the data.  Once the digital information is ready it is sent via a video transmission cable or other means to the DVR, hence the name DVR security camera systems.

Once the signal reaches the DVR, it applies its own DSP technology along with a CODEC utility.  Codec is an acronym for COmpression/DECompression.  This utility program uses a special algorithm program that reduces the incredibly large file into just a fraction of its original size without sacrificing significant quality.  Once this is accomplished the digital video file is compiled and is saved on the DVR’s hard disk drive and/or displayed on a system monitor.

It should be easy to see now why DVR security camera systems benefit from technological improvement in the computer world.  Many PC based devices are used in security camera systems.  For example, the DVR saves the digital video file to its hard disk drive for storage.  USB Thumb drives can be used to update firmware and copy and transfer video footage.  DSP and memory chips are directly related to the computer industry.

Even the monitors used today are basically the same as computer monitors but they may include a few extra input options.  Monitors have gone from the bulky Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) type to the LCD type just like most computer monitors.

Security Camera King offers a wide selection of DVR security camera systems with everything you need to install it but the tools.  Try one of our systems, the Elite Mini Economy, the Elite Mini HD, the Elite Series, or the Ultimate Series and see for yourself.  The majority of our cameras come with a 1 year full warranty (some models have 2 years) and our DVRS have a 3 year warranty.

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DVR Security Camera systems

Written By:
Friday, May 6th, 2011

Today’s Digital Video Recorder or DVR security camera systems are an amazing bundle of new high quality technology.  The security camera industry can also thank the personal computer industry as a contributor, because a lot of today’s DVR security camera systems use recently invented technology borrowed from the computer industry.

In this article we are going to describe how a typical DVR security camera system works.

Modern digital video security and surveillance systems are basically component systems.  This means that essentially, the parts of the system are like plug n play items used in computers.  All of the components do not have to be made by one manufacturer, they can differ in function and still work on the system, and they can usually be removed and replaced with something else and the system will continue to work.

This provides tremendous versatility in application because the DVR security camera systems are no longer required to use all of the same components.  For example, an 8 channel system may have 6 bullet cameras and 2 Pan-Tilt-Zoom (PTZ) camera made by a totally different manufacturer.

 

Let’s take a closer look at how a DVR security camera system (and its individual components) works.  The first component of the system is the camera.  There are so many different type of cameras available today that we do not have the space for this article to cover them all.  Instead, let look at how they work

DVR security cameras possess one primary function; transfer the reflecting light that is in its field of vision into electrical impulses that can be measured, manipulated, and compiled to create a digital video file.  This information is then sent to the DVR and/or monitor for processing and viewing.

The camera does this by using one of two different electronic sensor chips called a Charged Coupled Device or CCD or a Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor or CMOS.  Although both sensors work a little differently, the both yield the same end product–the electrical data that can be used to create a digital video file.

This is accomplished by the camera’s lens focusing the field of view onto one of these chips, which generally range from only 1/4″ to 1/2″ square.  When the light strikes the sensor chip, small electrical impulses are created by the pixels in the chip.  Each one can be measured and used to create the data that will be used to display the cameras field of view as a digital video.

At this point the signal is still an analog type signal.  The camera sends this analog data through an analog-to-digital processor chip to convert the data into digital or binary format.  The camera also contains a Digital Signal Processor or DSP chip that is used to make fine adjustments to the data.  Once the digital information is ready it is sent via a video transmission cable or other means to the DVR, hence the name DVR security camera systems.

Once the signal reaches the DVR, it applies its own DSP technology along with a CODEC utility.  Codec is an acronym for COmpression/DECompression.  This utility program uses a special algorithm program that reduces the incredibly large file into just a fraction of its original size without sacrificing significant quality.  Once this is accomplished the digital video file is compiled and is saved on the DVR’s hard disk drive and/or displayed on a system monitor.

It should be easy to see now why DVR security camera systems benefit from technological improvement in the computer world.  Many PC based devices are used in security camera systems.  For example, the DVR saves the digital video file to its hard disk drive for storage.  USB Thumb drives can be used to update firmware and copy and transfer video footage.  DSP and memory chips are directly related to the computer industry.

Even the monitors used today are basically the same as computer monitors but they may include a few extra input options.  Monitors have gone from the bulky Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) type to the LCD type just like most computer monitors.

Security Camera King offers a wide selection of DVR security camera systems with everything you need to install it but the tools.  Try one of our systems, the Elite Mini Economy, the Elite Mini HD, the Elite Series, or the Ultimate Series and see for yourself.  The majority of our cameras come with a 1 year full warranty (some models have 2 years) and our DVRS have a 3 year warranty.

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CCTV Camera Systems

Written By:
Thursday, March 17th, 2011

These days there are more Closed Circuit TeleVision or CCTV camera systems than applications for their uses.  If you are interested in such a system, it will serve you well to do some research before venturing out to make your fist purchase.  At Security Camera King, we encourage you to shop around, because we know that we offer the highest quality systems and the best possible prices.  After you’ve looked at other offers, we’re sure you’ll come back to us to make your final purchase.

You may be asking what is meant by the term “CCTV Camera System.”  A CCTV camera system is simply a digital video camera system that normally includes a Digital Video Recorder and a display monitor.  Today’s systems are entirely digital and the systems are component systems, meaning that when putting together your system, you can choose different pieces of the system that have different functions to tailor fit the system to your needs.

First a little history.  Closed Circuit Television or CCTV got its name way back in the days of analog transmissions.  A typical video security system was referred to as a Closed Circuit system because the cameras did not broadcast their signals to the open public.  These cameras were basically smaller versions of the cameras used in television studios.  However, television studio broadcasts were amplified and distributed to the open public (i.e. anyone that had a receiver or television).

CCTV on the other hand, consisted of a circuit of one or more cameras, each connected to a video recorder by means of a video transmission cable.  Analog CCTV camera systems recorded their video on magnetic tape, usually VHS or Beta format.   The used tape had to be ejected and a new one put in place every few hours or a “loop” tape was used.  When a loop tape reached the end of the tape, it simply continued over again on the beginning of the tape, re-recording over the original.

Today, CCTV camera systems are digital.  Instead of sending their video transmissions in analog type signals, they are sent in binary or digital form, usually in the form of bits or bytes, the same sort of digital segments used by personal computers.  The camera data is compiled into a digital video file which can either be stored on a hard drive disk or other storage media and/or viewed on a digital monitor.

Since the data is digital, many of the individual electronic components of a modern CCTV camera system are the same things used in personal computing.  For example, the computer Hard Disk Drive or HDD is the major constituent of the DVR storage.  A computer processor, much like the Central Processing Unit or CPU of a personal computer compiles the digital video files, controls and coordinates camera activity as well as playback and other DVR functions.

Since the original video security systems were analog and were called CCTV camera systems, there may be some confusion or crossover that exists today when describing digital video systems.  For example, analog CCTV cameras displayed their video on older CRT (cathode ray tube) type television monitors.  The CRT monitor displays a picture by rapidly projecting horizontal lines across the screen; the more horizontal lines per fixed vertical area, the greater the detail or resolution of the video.

Digital video is not displayed in horizontal lines, but as a series of horizontal and vertical dots called pixels.  These pixels may be circular or square in shape.  Generally speaking, the more pixels in a video for a fixed area, the greater the detail of the video because the dots are much smaller.  This allows for finer detail in the image.

So where’s the confusion?  Today you may still see CCTV camera systems that describe their clarity or detail or resolution of the camera in terms of Televsion Lines or TVL.  Yet other cameras may describe their resolution in terms of pixels.  For more information on determining the equivalencies of resolution for these systems see the articles in our knowledge base.

Since most of our monitors that are manufactured today are no longer CRT type but are more commonly LCD (liquid Crystal Display) or LED (Light Emitting Diode), it would see logical that over time, the TVL descriptor will eventually lose out to the more familiar digital “pixel” resolution (for example 720 X 340 pixels), but for the time being, it is well enough that you are aware that the difference exists.

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IP Camera and DVR

Written By:
Friday, February 4th, 2011

IP Camera and DVRIt’s been said that someday almost every electronic appliance will be tied to the Internet; so enters the IP camera and DVR. Don’t take this the wrong way, this is definitely a good thing for the digital video security and surveillance system industry. Providing digital video systems with a mechanism to connect to the Internet places the power of versatility and omnipresence in the user’s hand. But what exactly does IP mean and how do these devices work? We’ll try to answer these questions in the following article.

Let’s begin by distinguishing between the components of a digital video security camera system. First, the system must have at least one camera and if it is DVR dependent, a maximum of sixteen cameras per DVR. Speaking of which, a DVR or Digital Video Recorder, is the device that contains the hard disk drive to store the digital video files created from the data provided by the cameras. This unit contains a Digital Signal Processor or DSP the compiles the cameras’ video data and created a digital video file from it that can be stored on the DVRs hard disk drive for later use or displayed on the system’s monitor in real-time (live).

In a non-IP system, the digital video camera transmits its video data over a video transmission cable that must be run from each camera to the DVR, or wirelessly by using a built-in transmitter to send the signals via radio waves to a corresponding receiver or a DVR with a built in receiver.

However, an IP camera and DVR work a little differently. First we should define what we mean by “IP.” An IP camera and DVR are digital video component devices that are “Internet Protocol” or IP ready. This means that these devices contain the either the hardwiring or software necessary to make them compatible with and to be connected to, the Internet.

Furthermore, we should also distinguish the difference between an IP camera and DVR. An IP camera can run entirely separately, that is without the need for a DVR or it may also connect to a DVR if that is desired. In addition, an IP DVR is able to connect to the Internet, and the entire digital video security system can be run via its connection.

An IP camera has built in web server technology so that it can connect directly to the Internet. It usually does this in one of three ways either using a Cat 5 Ethernet type cable or wirelessly to a broadband wireless modem or router. Once the IP camera has established its connection to the Internet it can use the Internet as the vehicle for networking. This has one tremendously powerful implication; you can monitor and operate your IP camera from anywhere in the world there is broadband Internet access.

The IP camera can be used as just a simple monitor without recording video. The IP camera can be monitored on any computer or smartphone connected to a broadband Internet connection. Its video images can also be saved on an Internet-connected computer. Further, an IP camera can also send its video images via the Internet to a remotely located DVR that is connected to the Internet.

An IP DVR system is slightly different. In this system the DVR contains the circuitry or software to connect to the Internet. The cameras in this system normally connect directly to the DVR using conventional digital video security system methods. Once the Internet connection is established, any of the cameras connected to the DVR may be monitored or controlled via the Internet connection. Once again, the system can be controlled (including the individual cameras) anywhere in the world there is broad band Internet access.

Speaking of control, an IP camera and DVR can be controlled remotely by computer by just using a common Internet browser such as Internet Explore, Safari, etc. Smartphone devices use mini-software programs called “applications” or simply “apps.” The apps programs are downloaded to the device and installed on the device. Once installed, the device is ready to control/monitor the IP camera and DVR.

Security Camera King offers a variety of different IP cameras and DVRs. Check out our “Network IP Security Cameras” section located under the “Security Camera” bar on the left hand side of our web page. Also, each of Security Camera Kings feature DVR systems, the Elite Mini, Elite, and Ultimate are ready to be connected to the Internet “out of the box.”

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Web Ready Security Camera System

Written By:
Monday, January 10th, 2011

If you need to be able to monitor your security and surveillance system cameras from just about anywhere in the world at any time, consider using a web ready security camera system. These systems use the internet as the vehicle for transmitting their data so anywhere there is broadband internet access, there is potential for monitoring your home or business security camera system.

A web ready security camera system is reasonably priced, easy to install, and easy to operate thanks to technological advancements in the electronics and computer fields over the past few years. It differs from a standalone digital video security camera system in that it utilizes the internet to transmit the signals, and a personal computer or Mac computer to monitor and store the digital video image files.

A standalone, non-web ready security camera system consists of one or more digital video cameras, a Digital Video Recorder (DVR) with a Digital Signal Processor (DSP), and a monitor. The digital video camera captures the reflective light from objects and transposes these light images into electronic images. The camera normally has an on-board analog-to-digital processing chip that changes the electronic information into pure digital or binary form.

A video transmission cable, usually an RG-59 coaxial cable, must be run from each camera to the DVR unit. The signals from the cameras travel through this cable to the DVR unit where the DSP compiles them into a digital video file. Digital video files can be extremely large in size so the DSP uses a COmpression/DECompression (CODEC) utility to shrink the size of the file without sacrificing a large amount of quality. After the digital video file is created it can be viewed live on a monitor or stored on the DVR’s Hard Disk Drive (HDD) for later use.

A web ready security camera system produces the same sort of final results but goes about doing it in a different way. First a web ready security camera system has either IP (Internet Protocol ready) cameras or an IP DVR or an IP server. If the system uses IP ready cameras, each camera has its own built in web server technology that is used for the Internet. The camera connects to the internet either via a Cat 5 Ethernet wire or wirelessly using a corresponding wireless modem or router.

If the web ready security camera system uses an IP DVR, then normal cameras are connected to the DVR and the system works like a typical standalone system. Except that the DVR (and therefore the digital video files and camera controls) can be controlled remotely via the internet and some other end-user device.

If the web ready security camera system uses an IP server, it may be able to digitize older analog based cameras and send them over the Internet or it may simply combine the signals of several newer digital cameras and send them over the Internet. In either case, the digital video file must be sent over the internet to a connected computer that can act as a storage and monitor device or to some other web-compatible monitoring device such as an iPhone, iPad, 3G and 4G smartphones and other similar devices. (Note that if the signal is received by another DVR or personal computer, the system does not have a device to save digital video files to and therefore can only be used to monitor the cameras in real-time).

Probably the most profound advantage of web ready security camera systems is the incredibly almost infinite geographic locations in the world where the system can be monitored and operated. Theoretically, anywhere there is broadband Internet accessibility; the system can be monitored and controlled.

Perhaps the biggest disadvantage to these types of systems is that since they are connected to the internet, a very public domain, they may be susceptible to hacker intervention and even computer viruses.

All in all, there is nothing that can provide you with such extensive capability to monitor and control your system remotely than a web ready security camera system. If you need more information or would like to purchase a web ready security camera system, please contact one of Security Camera King’s security experts today either via live chat or telephone.

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