A well-designed video security system can deter criminals, protect a home or business, alert users to events, and provide evidence in the event something occurs. In addition to these goals, a suitable security camera system should be easy to install, easy to use, provide users with the peace of mind they deserve.
Unfortunately, many home and business owners end up investing in a video security camera system without having a complete understanding of what they actually need. To prevent this from happening to you, the following guide provides useful information on how to choose a security camera system suitable for your applications.
The most common question people ask when purchasing a video security camera system is “How many surveillance cameras do I need?” Although this is a legitimate question, in my experience the total number of surveillance cameras is less important than their overall effectiveness.
Choosing the right security camera locations to successfully monitor and record the activities on your property is key.
Clearly identify all visitors
If you have a modest budget, it’s highly recommended to make sure your video surveillance system is able to clearly identify visitors as they come and go. More often than not, you will know when something noteworthy happens at your home or business. Being able to clearly identify who the suspect is will help to clarify what happened.
To clearly identify people and visitors, you should determine the most significant areas that people will gain entry and pass through at your home, business, or property. These areas will include doors, windows, parking lot entrances, gates, and similar locations.
Security cameras should be dedicated to monitoring and recording these locations at all times. They should also be capable of producing usable footage both day and night.
Record and monitor all visitor activity
A video security system should be capable of recording and monitoring an overview of all visitor activity. Having recordings of the moment a crime or event occurred will be incredibly useful when key evidence is needed, such as theft, burglary, and vandalism.
In addition, documenting activity at a home or business will help protect users in potential injury and lawsuit cases. For business owners, surveillance footage can provide evidence of the legitimacy of injury claims and accidents.
In residential locations, surveillance cameras with a wide viewing area often provide valuable clues beyond identification, such as vehicle descriptions, accomplices, possible witnesses, and distance or direction of travel.
Lastly, safety should be considered. For instance, home security cameras help with monitoring children playing in the yard or swimming in the pool. Moreover, business security systems used for employee monitoring help to promote higher productivity while keeping an eye on operations while away.
Field of view
Consumers looking to invest in a video security system should have a clear understanding of the area they need security cameras to cover. This means being able to determine the overall field of view for each of the security camera locations, both indoors and outdoors.
Understanding the field of view measurements will help to determine the best lens for each camera. Most security surveillance consultants can help you with this by providing a security assessment.
After the camera placements have been selected, it will be much easier to pick the best security cameras for each location. However, there are many different types of security cameras for sale, which can make selecting the best options overwhelming.
Some of the basic things to consider when picking the best security cameras include:
Picking security cameras with the proper lens size is by far the most critical decision for gaining clear suspect identification. A camera equipped with the proper lens will yield great results, even when using lower quality products. For help, try using available tools, such as a Security Camera Lens Chart and CCTV Lens Calculator.
Security Camera Styles
The style of security cameras is more significant than appearance, though aesthetics can still be considered. Some camera styles are more suitable for mounting while others are more universally functional.
In addition, protection from environmental and criminal elements will need to be taken into consideration. Outdoor cameras will come with weatherproof ratings while vandal-proof cameras will have impact resistance ratings.
Fixed / Box Cameras
A traditional video security system includes fixed or box surveillance cameras. Though these cameras are the oldest style, they still are among the most popular. There are thousands of different lenses available fixed security cameras, making them useful for everything from home and business security to border enforcement and even covert perimeter surveillance.
In addition, there is a wide variety of enclosures available for vandal-proof cameras and/or weatherproof cameras. Lastly, due to how easily recognized these cameras are when installed, fixed cameras act as a threat deterrent.
Dome security cameras have continued to gain popularity over the years and can come fitted with many different options, such as 3-axis internal camera adjustments, varifocal lenses, and IR illumination for low-light and night surveillance.
The reason dome cameras are so popular is that they can be mounted inside, outside, underneath overhangs, on walls, etc. A varifocal camera lens allows dome cameras to successfully cover both wide and narrow focus areas, as well. Lastly, due to their ability to blend in, dome cameras can be placed for more inconspicuous monitoring.
Bullet security cameras, sometimes known as lipstick cameras, provide all basic camera functionality, including long-range IR illumination for low-light settings and powerful varifocal lenses. Generally, bullet cameras are mounted vertically on walls or poles.
PTZ security cameras allow users to remotely control pan, tilt, and zoom functions. PTZ functionality makes it easy to make adjustments as needed. Combined with advanced features offered by most DVRs now, it’s also possible to remotely survey a property from anywhere in the world using a network-connected device.
Covert security cameras, sometimes referred to as hidden security cameras, are also a popular choice for inconspicuous monitoring. Covert security cameras are widely used to augment a full video security system and are generally independent of the other cameras in the event they are vandalized or tampered with.
To learn more or to get expert purchasing help, contact Security Camera King to speak with a member of our sales team.