Archive for the ‘ HowTo Videos ’ Category

DVR Main stream and Sub Stream

Wednesday, October 5th, 2011

Difference Between The DVR Main stream and Sub Stream

In this video I will show you the difference between main stream and extra stream or sub stream on your DVRs for IP cameras.  So for this demonstration I will use a 16 channel mini-HD this unit has pretty much the same interface for DVR Main stream and Sub Stream as all of our DVRs and our IP cameras.

So I am going to log into it and go to “Config;”

and on this left column menu go to “Encode.”

This is the interface where you are going to configure how the DVR is going to be recording, the resolution, the frames per second, and the bit rate and how much bandwidth each camera is going to be pulling from your network.

Other options include enabling audio (if you are going to use a camera with audio this is where you enable it), you can add a watermark so that no one can tamper with your footage, color setting to adjust the color.  In the upper right corner is a field called Channel Name, this is where you can name your camera anything you want, and to begin this demonstration I am going to explain the main stream.

This option is mainly how the DVR is going to be recording, what resolution it’s going to be recording at, how many frames per second, and what bit rate or bandwidth it’s going to be pulling from your network.

By default, the DVR will come configured as you see here.  For the main stream, you are going to be configured at CIF, 30 fps, and the bit rate type will be CBR (which is Constant Bit Rate), and the bit rate is going to be about 640 kilobits per second.

The resolution, CIF, is acceptable but the DVR can be configured for D1 on channel 1 or channel 9 at 30fps.  The Ultimate series DVRs and the new Hybrid DVR are able to record at D1 on all of their channels.  The Hybrid DVR can suport 20 cameras; 16 that are analog and 4 that are digital.  The four that are digital can support 1080p resolution.  The remaining 16 analog channels can all be configured for D1 recording at 30 fps simultaneously.

We recommend that for our other DVRs you can configure them at D1 on every channel as well but they can’t support that resolution with a frame rate of 30 fps.  So we recommend that if you want D1 on all of those channels that you change the frame rate to 7 fps. At this rate the footage will not be as fluid as D1 at 30 fps but it is still a decent recording.  Remember that the Ultimate series and the Hybrid DVR can record D1 at 30 fps on all channels.

For the bit rate setting, we recommend CBR and the reason why is because it’s Constant Bit Rate, it’s always going to allocate the amount of bandwidth you have set under the Bit Rate.  If you configure this as VBR or Variable Bit Rate,

the DVR will allocate more bandwidth to any objects that are moving.  When it notices something is moving it will zoom in on the object and this will allow the DVR to allocate more bandwidth, which ultimately will degrade the other camera’s pictures.  You always want a constant good quality picture so that is why we recommend a constant bit rate.  Speaking of bit rate, this should be set as 1024 because the greater the bandwidth the camera is allocated the better the quality of the video.  If you have lower resolution or bandwidth on your network and you want to watch the videos on the main stream (which is not recommended), you can do it but it is not recommended.  You are going to have to lower this down, if you don’t have a strong network; especially when you try to view the cameras remotely.  For example AT&T DSL is not as fast as cable so you will probably have to lower down the bit rate.  But remember, the lower down the bit rate the lower the resolution (and quality) of the picture.  So we always recommend the main stream settings to be:  1.) D1; 2.) 7fps; 3.) CBR bit rate type; and, 4.)1024 bit rate for this particular DVR.

This is your sub stream:

This is what you’ll use to view your cameras using your iPhone or other smart phones; you will use this configuration.  One thing you have to make sure you have setup correctly is the resolution.  Right now it is at QCIF and I need to change it to CIF.  QCIF will yield a poor quality video; it will be pixilated when you view it on your smartphone.  We recommend a Frame Rate of 7, which you cannot go higher than because this is the sub stream.  Again the bit rate type should be CBR, but you can lower the bit rate to 96.

Remember this is not going to lower your resolution because the main stream is for recording and the sub stream is for viewing.

You can copy this to all channels, click “OK,” and click “Save:”

Now if you want to configure something like the Color Setting this is a per camera basis.

Let’s say you want to increase the brightness of just camera number 1.  You’ll have to go to Channel 1 then under Color Settings click “Set”:

and the Color Setting menu will pop up

You can then increase the brightness by typing in a higher number in the brightness field.  That will affect just that particular channel and not all the cameras.  Even if you copy and paste it will only affect that channel.

Another thing you can do here is the time display.  You can move the time display to anywhere you want on your screen.

Here the cover area, you can cover some of your video image with a mask.  Let’s say you have a door in your picture that you do not want people to see, you can cover that area so it won’t be seen when viewed on the DVR.  Once you click “Set” you will be able to click and drag a shape where ever you want on the channel screen here which also will pop up.

Let me show you.  I have a camera plugged in on channel 15.  I will demonstrate by going to Cover Area, monitor, Set.  Here for example suppose I have a place here that I don’t want anyone to see.  You just click and drag with the mouse and this will be masked at the DVR, but the video image that is being saved will not be affected; it will contain the full, unmasked image.  If you want to get rid of the cover or mask, on the monitor image click “Clear” and it will be removed.  Now I’ll save my configurations.

So you see, on channel 15, the DVR is recording at D1, 7 fps, CBR, and 1024 bit rate.  If you look at my Camera 15 in the very upper left hand corner the values are changing.  If you see here, it is going to be increasing.  As I said before, it depends how the network is, it’s not going to go below or above it.

Now if you look at the resolution it is decent.  Now if go over to Channel 15 and click on the little drop-down arrow to the right you will see Main Stream and Extra Streams.  Click on Extra stream and you will see the resolution that I set which was CIF at 7.  You’ll notice that this picture is not as high quality as the one before; it looks a little bit fuzzy and the reason why is because of the resolution I set.

If I change the sub stream to QCIF it will be a very bad image, very pixilated and somewhat blurry. So remember that the Ultimate and Hybrid DVRs can record at D1 and 30 fps and the other DVRs can record D1 at 30 fps on channels 1 and 9.  We recommend that you use D1 and 7 fps for those DVRs that cannot record D1 and 30 fps on all channels and that the sub stream be set to CIF and 7 fps.

I hope this has been informative for you and I would like to thank you for viewing it.


Linksys Router Port Forwarding

Wednesday, October 5th, 2011

In this video I’m going to show you how to open the ports on a Linksys router for you to access your DVR remotely.  For this demonstration I will be logging in to one of our routers and this router is remotely tied into our network.  So the IPs I’m going to use to access it are going to be different than yours.  But by default this unit has an IP address of to be accessible from anywhere on your network. So if you are in front of your computer within your network you have  a Linksys router you have to open Internet explorer and put that IP to see an interface like this:

Then you need to forward the ports, meaning you need to open some ports for your DVR to be accessible from anywhere around the world.

So you have to go to “Applications and Gaming:”

Click on it:

And you have two options.  If you have your Internet Service Provider (ISP) router and you have a Linksys Internet router you are going to be able to do this using DMZ.  If you don’t the configurations are going to be slightly different.  In this scenario I have my IP router and my wireless Linksys router.  First you’re going to have to go to “Status” and confirm your IP.

For example if you get an IP like this under Internet, if you get an IP like 108 or you pretty much have the scenario I described before.

One router from your ISP and your wireless router connected.  So what you have to do now that you no you have this scenario, you have to go to “Applications and Gaming” and you can go to DMZ:

And enable the option:

and put the IP of the DVR our IP is, then you click “Save” and your done.  All of the ports will be forwarded without any other configuration.

Now if you want to open them individually, you can go to “Port Range Forward”

You’re going to have to add 3 rules.  So the first rule, you can name it what ever you want, its going to be your port http://80 we recommend that you change it to 88 so once you change it on your DVR you’ll need to put it as a “Start Port” and an “End Port.”  The protocol will be “Both” and here you put the IP of the DVR and “Enable” the rule.

The second port is going to be 37777 as a “Start Port” and an “End port,” again “Protocol” will be “Both” and again the IP of the DVR, and enable it.

The third port will be 37778 the same for “Start Port” and “End Port,” “Protocol -Both,” the IP of the DVR and enable.  Once you’re done click “Save.”

This page will show up here:

Click continue and you’re all set.  I hope this has been informative for you and I would like to thank you for viewing.


Megapixel Camera Settings Introduction

Wednesday, October 5th, 2011

Megapixel IP Network Security Camera Settings Introduction

In this video I will show you some of the settings that you will find in our brand new megapixel cameras.  As I’ve said before in previous videos, these megapixel cameras have the same interface as our DVRs and it is very intuitive and very easy to use.

I’m gong to login to one of our cameras by entering the IP. This camera in particular is a box camera.  You will be presented with the Web Service interface. I have to make sure I am using compatibility mode for my browser.  The user name is “admin” and the password is “admin” as well, lower case:

click “Enter” and here is the interface of the megapixel camera.

As you see it is exactly the same and looks very similar to our DVRs.  All of the features like search,

alarm, and all that are pretty much the same.

It is very easy to use and very intuitive.  Here for example in search you will be able to find footage that you are recording at the camera if you have an SD card inserted.  These megapixel cameras are able to record at the camera, it has an SD card that can go up to 32 gigs (for the box camera) for the dome camera it uses a micro SD and you will be able to record at the camera like it was at the DVR.

So you put your search, your time for searching and all of that and it will find the footage.   In this case I don’t have any cards inserted so I won’t find anything there.  For example the “Config” pretty much you can configure everything here

such as the Encode portion:

Which is very important, the resolution of this camera is set up by default at 1080p you can configure 3 mega pixels which is the maximum resolution showing the crisp, biggest and best quality picture.

And this portion over here for the extra stream is for you to configure and view it over your smartphone.  If you have one of these you can use our Techpro Access software and view the cameras from the phone.  You have to make sure that this option is checked:

Because by default it is not so you have to make sure this option is checked if you want to watch the cameras using your smartphone.

Another feature it has is the schedule, if you have an SD card plugging you can set the camera based on motion, you can send a snapshot, you have the options for your network, here you can change the IP of the megapixel camera; by default is as the default.  Here you can change the TCP, the UDP, and the Http port and it’s pretty much the same as I said as our DVRs.  If you have one of our DVRs it would be very easy for you to configure.  It supports DNS, Dynamic DNS here you can configure the detect motion, if you want the sensitivity higher or lower, you can send e-mails you can send snapshots, every time that motion happens it will send you a picture once you configure the e-mail portion as well.

Here you have your hard drive management in this case it will be the SD card and your record portion and you know your accounts you add, remove accounts change passwords, etc.  All that you do on a regular basis on your DVR you can do it here.

This is an important portion, its the “Config” portion, here you can configure the exposure of the camera you can configure color or night vision automatically and there are different menus here that you can play with.  It is very easy to use it a crisp picture, a gorgeous picture and I hope you like it.   I hope this has been informative for you and I would like to thank you for viewing.


Mobile Phone Viewer

Friday, February 26th, 2010

Access your security cameras from anywhere on most smart phones!
This product is a 4, 8, or 16 Channel License for our Mobile Viewer software. View any of our Elite Mini, Elite or Ultimate Series DVRs on your smart phone or PDA! Only purchase this product if you are attaching a 4, 8, or 16 Channel Elite Mini, Elite or Ultimate Series DVR to this software.

Camera viewing on the go! You have already made a great choice by choosing the quality and reliability of our equipment. Now you can expand the usability of your equipment even further by choosing our Mobile Phone and PDA viewing for your DVRs. This simple software solution will enable you to view your cameras from a smart phone or PDA from anywhere in the world and even control your PT or PTZ cameras!


While we are confident that this software will work with most Smart phones and PDAs on the market today, we cannot guarantee that this software will function with EVERY cell phone or PDA. We encourage you to install this software and fully configure it to determine if it will work adequately for you. When the software is installed but no license has been purchased, the software is functioning in DEMO mode. While in DEMO mode, there is a 30 second limitation for viewing cameras. After 30 seconds, you will need to restart the Mobile Server software by right-clicking the icon in the Windows system tray and selecting “Restart” to get another 30 seconds of viewing. Although DEMO mode is very restrictive, it should give you adequate functionality to determine if this software will work with your mobile device or PDA.

Again, thank you for choosing Mobile Viewer. We hope you have a great mobile viewing experience.

**UPDATE** For more information on our Mobile Viewer software, please check out our Remote Video Viewing Software Downloads page in order to get more information and download the latest version of our programs.


Using a Compression Tool to install a BNC Fitting on RG59

Written By:
Thursday, August 6th, 2009

This video demonstrates how to install a BNC Compression fitting.

When using Siamese cable to make your camera connections, you will need to put your own connectors on the ends of the cable. For a truly professional installation you will want to use compression fittings. These fittings permanently attach to the end of the cable and are completely weatherproof.