Posts Tagged ‘ i-502 ’

The Effects of Marijuana Legalization in the United States

Written By:
Thursday, July 9th, 2015

In the last few years, the attitude toward this plant has begun to drastically change in this country. In 2012, the people of two states (Colorado and Washington State) voted to legalize, regulate it and tax it. Surprisingly, the federal government decided to stay out of the way on this issue. The President even went so far as to say that if enough states legalize it then the federal law may follow suit. After billions of dollars have been spent to combat it, national polls show that the majority of Americans are in favor of Marijuana Legalization. This article is going to take a look at the changing attitude toward marijuana and how it has affected us and may in the future.


Cannabis was federally banned by the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937. Throughout our history this was not always the perception of marijuana. Pottery has been found in present day Taiwan which was made 10,000 years ago and with hemp fibers, possibly making this plant one the very first agricultural crops.

As far as the history of this plant in our country:

– The Virginia assembly passed a law in 1619 requiring every farmer to grow hemp.

– It could be used as legal tender in Maryland, Pennsylvania and Virginia.

– Thomas Jefferson, John Adams and George Washington grew cannabis on their lands.


The hemp industry was massive in the United States for centuries until it faced off against other large industries, led by some of the most powerful men in the country. The following men were a major part of demonizing cannabis entirely because of hemp and nothing to do with getting high:

– William Randolph Hearst: He was an American newspaper publisher and built the largest newspaper chain in the country, dominating journalism for almost 50 years. This millionaire was heavily invested in the lumber industry and he made it his mission to destroy the hemp industry through an extensive propaganda campaign because of the threat that it posed to his lumber holdings.

– Andrew Mellon: He was the 3rd richest man in the U.S. and heavily invested in the lumber as well as a very large paint and textiles company. Approximately 58,000 tons of hemp oil was in the production of paints in 1935. This would be reduced to zero in the next few years, just as a new machine would have improved the processing of hemp dramatically. This invention would have made it possibly for the hemp industry to take the majority of business away from these other industries.

– Henry J. Anslinger: The paint and textiles company was run by this man, Andrew Mellon’s Nephew-in-law, and he was the first commissioner of the newly created Federal Bureau of Narcotics. He presented the Marijuana Tax Act to congress and helped get it made into law with the financial and political influence of the two men above.

Cannabis was listed as a schedule 1 drug by congress in 1970. In order for a substance to be classified this way, it must have no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States and have a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug or substance under medical supervision. While only four states have legalized the recreational use of marijuana so far, there are over twenty that have legalized cannabis for medical use. This application for cannabis may end up being the biggest change in our country because this trend seems to be growing as more medicinal uses are found. Until the last few years, research into medical applications has been very difficult to do because of the legalities involved. In the last few years cannabis has been shown to be effective in the treatment of pain, seizures, multiple sclerosis and even cancer. This is just a few examples of what it’s being used for right now and since official testing is really in its infancy, we may very well see this list grow exponentially.


It’s not really a surprise that the legalized marijuana business has been profitable, but the extent has been a bit of a shock in the two states that really have their system in place. Washington State is still working out some pretty major kinks in their system but Colorado’s legalized system has been lucrative for everyone involved. In 2014 this industry made about 700 million dollars and many of the businesses involved in it were still getting off the ground through a major chuck of the year. Experts are estimating that it can easily do a billion dollars in 2015. The state actually made almost 60 million dollars more in taxes then it’s legally allowed to keep and is currently trying to figure out what to do with the additional funding. Can you imagine how much money there is to be made if all 50 states legalized it? You also have to take into account the billions of dollars that our country spends annually enforcing marijuana prohibition.

Another positive aspect of legalizing this plant will hopefully be us taking full advantage of it. For thousands of years, hemp has been used in many industrial applications and the ways that it can be used in the future are almost limitless. Fuel, paper, building supplies, healthy food and beverages are just a few examples of how this versatile plant can be used. In the early 1940s Henry ford built 40,000 cars with hemp plastic panels (which are 10 times stronger than steel) and ran them for a year on hemp fuel grown on just 10,000 acres. In 2014, congress took a step in the right direction by passing the farm bill which allows hemp farming in limited amount.

As our attitude towards this plant continues to change, it can also have a very beneficial effect on our environment. Hemp rarely requires pesticides and no herbicides need to be used since the plant is natural resistant to weeds and insects. Products made from this plant are non-toxic and biodegradable. Growing this plant has little strain on soil, making this a great crop for alternating with other types of crops in order to not drain the land of nutrients.


In order to become a licensed part of this industry, an applicant is legally required to have a significant amount of security cameras. Although the number of cameras legally required may be a bit excessive it provides accountability from seed to sale, helping to reduce loss drastically. I’m happy to say that I work for Techpro Security Products, which is a security camera supplier that makes it as easy as possible while meeting the legal requirements. I’m even able to explain how the cameras can actually be helpful to the business in addition to meeting the legal requirements. For more information on the marijuana laws check out our I-502 Security Camera Law Page as well as our Colorado Amendment 64 Page.


TechPro Security Products – 2015 – Our Biggest Year Ever!

Written By:
Monday, June 1st, 2015

techpross intro screen

In 2015, Techpro Security Products, manufacturer of surveillance systems, security tech and equipment for residential and commercial markets, and it’s retail site, saw its largest and fastest expansion to date. Starting with one facility in Boca Raton, Florida, the company now has opened a brand new location in Wheat Ridge, Colorado.

This new 9500 square foot facility has almost over 4000 feet of office space, and almost 5000 square feet of warehouse space, which allows us incredible flexibility for product storage and shipping.

Previously, deliveries of our security systems to the west cost of the united states could take up to 5 days or more depending on location, but now with the new Colorado warehouse, no matter where you are in the contiguous united states, we can usually deliver your security system within 3 business days. The new location also allows us to provide tech support for several additional hours, extending our tech support until 8PM EST!

Over the past few years, Techpro Security and have become the leading experts in I-502 and Amendment 64 Compliance. Each of these painstakingly designed security packages is created specifically to pass government inspection and meet all I502 and Amendment 64 the requirements.

Also in 2015, Techpro security products continued it’s expansion by acquiring e-Line technology. In addition to greatly expanding our total inventory with hundreds of new and innovative security products, this acquisition allows TechPro to enter the distributor market and give the company an overall wider reach. With the combined strengths of Techpro Security Products,, and e-Line Technology under one roof, the future is looking bright.


I-502 and Amendment 64 – How do I know if I am getting 45 days of recording?

Written By:
Monday, May 18th, 2015

I-502, Amendment 64, and everyone else who wants to get X amount of days of continuous recording.


If you have a law that dictates a recording need, or you have a personal requirement, this guide will focus on how you can evaluate your hard drive space.  You cannot specify in your DVR to achieve 45 days of recording, so this is done by having settings that produce this particular result.  There are hard drive calculators out there, but they are only estimates.  So this guide will help you view your actual file sizes so that you know exactly what you are getting.  Our sales department will use a couple pieces of information when evaluating this need.  1)  They will remove 10 percent immediately when they estimate the hard drive.  The reason for this is that a 4 TB hard drive will never be 4 TB when it is formatted or utilized.  Approximately 10 percent of the space will not be available.  2) They will use our CCTV Hard Drive Calculator that is located in our CCTV learning center.  Let’s say you have 32 cameras for the sake of this article.   You would choose 32 cameras at D1 resolution, 10 frames per second, 24 hours per day, and 45 days to find the hard drive requirement.  Since calculators are an estimate, let’s move on to the actual files.

Smart PSS is great for finding your file sizes

Make sure you have Smart PSS installed and configured to view playback from your DVR.  We are going to use it as a tool to find our file sizes.  Your computer needs to be plugged into a router, and your DVR needs to be plugged into the same router, and they need to be on the same network scheme in order to access it through Smart PSS.  When recording full time, every hour is recorded as one file, so everyday should have 24 files per camera to allow for a 24 hour day.

The first thing you need to do from the playback window is select camera 1 and use any date while you click the search button.  You should see a timeline populate with a green line that you can click on to view playback, but for the sake of this article, we care more about the files than the playback.  We are going to click on the Event button, so we can see the actual files listed.   This article is based on all cameras being the same model as well as having the same settings.  Therefore, if you have any differences, you will have to calculate each channel separately.


Now it is time for some math

The DVR on my desk shows 770 MB for each hour, so we can multiply that number times 24 to see how much hard drive space one camera will need per day.  Then we will multiply times 32 cameras to see how much hard drive space all my cameras will need for each day.  Then we can multiply that number times 45 days to see how much hard drive space will be needed.

Data Measurement Chart
Data Measurement Size
Bit Single Binary Digit (1 or 0)
Byte 8 bits
Kilobyte (KB) 1,024 Bytes
Megabyte (MB) 1,024 Kilobytes (KB)
Gigabyte (GB) 1,024 Megabytes (MB)
Terabyte (TB) 1,024 Gigabytes (GB)
Petabyte (PB) 1,024 Terabytes (TB)
Exabyte (EB) 1,024 Petabytes (PB)

Based on my camera file size, we can do the math.  So I will multiply 770 MB times 24 to get 18480 MB, and divide by 1024 to get 18.05 GB.  Next I will multiply 18.05 times 32 to get 577.6 GB to have my daily Hard Drive requirement for 32 cameras.  Next I will multiply times 45 to get 25992, which divided by 1024 is 25.38 TB.  So what I have learned is that 770 MB per hour is way too big of a file size and will require an enormous amount of Hard Drive Space to house 45 days of recording for 32 cameras.  I check my encoding section of my DVR and notice that it is set to 960H with 30 frames per second and a bit rate of 2048 Kb/S.  The calculator on our website seems to be based on a bit rate of about 384 Kbps.   So if I drop my resolution to D1 with 10 frames per second, I can dramatically change my hard drive usage.  Let us see what happens when I do that.

It looks like these new settings are producing a file size of 193.52 MB, which is a huge decrease from the whopping 770 MB that I had with the higher settings.  Now we will multiply that times 24 (hours) to give 4644.48 MB and then divide by 1024 to give 4.53 GB for one day of recording space.  Now we multiply that times 32 (cameras) to get 144.96 GB for all 32 cameras to record one day.  Now we will multiply times 45 (days), and we get 6523.2 GB which is 6.37 TB when divided by 1024.  Now that is a number that we can live with since two 4 TB drives should fit that amount of files safely.

  1. Filesize  x  24 = camera space per day / 1024 = number in Gigabytes
  2. Camera space per day  x  number of cameras = all cameras per day in Gigabytes
  3. All cameras per day  x  45 days = Total space / 1024 = Total space in Terrabytes

In Conclusion

This has becoming an increasingly more important topic with all the new I-502 and Amendment 64 businesses that are launching, and the need for people to know their exact numbers.  I do recommend to anyone that has a strict requirement for hard drive space that they should double up on their hard drives so they can be prepared for the possibility of a hard drive failure.  What happens when your hard drives fail?  If you are calculating your space based on very specific settings, and then you do not have one of your hard drives, you will no longer meet that requirement.  It is important to have redundancy for the most fragile component of your setup.  Hard drives can last a long time without failure, but these larger drives are more complex devices being put through the stress of trying to record 32 channels of video at one time, for example.  It is wise not to run a business where all your faith is placed in Hard Drives lasting through massive amounts of nonstop recording and high demands.  With that said, it is good to meet your requirement, and then double it so that you can have the piece of mind that your business deserves.

Also, you can always call us to do the math for you.


I-502 and Amendment 64 Contingency Planning: Part 2 – Backup! Backup!

Written By:
Wednesday, December 31st, 2014


Several months ago I touched on the need for contingency and congruency planning in Part one to this article. In regards to I-502 and Amendment 64 as well as any situation, it is important to have proper planning in place. The truth is, the best contingency plan is having backup solutions.  Backing up your data ensures you always have proof you’ve been in compliance with the state minimums.  Having backup equipment means that even the worst disasters won’t cripple or possibly even slow your business. Having extra cable and connectors means you can add or move cameras without breaking pace. In short, back up everything and have a backup for everything!  Doing so will benefit yourself and your business tremendously!

64 CH Channel NVR

Backing up your data protects you by guaranteeing you always have proof that you have been in compliance with the state minimums. Dealing with a government entity often makes it important to go beyond those state minimums by having such a backup for a multitude of reasons. And when we talk data, the reasons for doing so cannot be under emphasized especially when you have several solutions open to you.  The first and most obvious reason is to avoid possible fines if a part of your system becomes damaged in a major accident.  The second, is if you expand, you have room to store the extra surveillance data you may need to collect to keep in compliance.  The third is having extended backups which ensures you have the ability to look back even further if you discover a cause for loss of product or damaged product. Backing up your system by mirroring the data with our new NVR-ELH-64, for example, can save you much time and money! Another option with this NVR is that the hard drives are hot swappable. This means you can switch out the drives without having to restart the machine! Another alternative is having an external hard drive attached via an E-SATA port that can be found on most of our Full Size, 2U systems. And of course, the simple but effective preparation of stacking extra internal hard drives will also offer increased storage options! With our new 6TB hard drives this is easier than ever!  Even if you are just backing up your files once a week, the potential to save you incident is worth the time invested. And, the peace of mind is priceless.  There is of course one other option that we generally don’t recommend, but is possible if you have a competent tech team. That is an File Transfer Protocol server.  Saving or backing up your data to an FTP can be configured at the DVR and can be an effective way of duplicating your data.

CCTV Hard Drive

Having backup hardware or equipment offers you further protection from even the worst Acts of God, preventing what might be potentially business crippling loss, or possibly even slowing your business down.  We believe so much in this option that any equipment you request beyond what we quote you as necessary to pass inspection we offer an additional discount on!  This can save you hundreds if not thousands on later expansions, express/emergency shipping, not to mention delays in production!   Losing a Digital Video Recorder to fire could seem monstrously crippling, but if you have a backup on hand you can simply swap without having to cut those areas from your production cycle!  This can be invaluable!  From grower to producer to Retail, losing any integral segment of your flow can slow profits and cost you exponentially more than the equipment itself.  Any equipment that is vital or integral to your system should receive the same level of backup planning; your surveillance system is no exception.  Backup equipment is an investment in your business a preparation for your future.

Siamese Cable

Having extra cable and connectors means you can add or move cameras without breaking pace.  In the old days of wired networking, network engineers would pre-run all the cables to all the potential desktop locations. Whether these locations were being utilized or not was irrelevant as they wanted to be able to have the ability to move a system wherever it was needed without having to re-run all the lines or call in for extra man hours to move an existing line.  The same type of method is effective for surveillance systems.  As wireless is still not stable enough for a camera system that must remain running for 45 days without interruption and sending high amounts of image data across the network, surveillance is still limited by cable.  Since it is, it is best to run as much cable in advance of your infrastructure as possible. God forbid you have to dig up a new line through an outdoor grow.  Or turn off a light breaker while running a new line through the wall on an indoor grow.  Doing so in advance allows for growth and other contingencies to transition smoothly and without interrupting your operation.  It is also important to consider a higher quality of cable as a built-in back up.  Our braided shielded cable can provide you with extra protection from interference that can cause distorted or grainy video content.  In the long run this can pay for itself in its loss prevention and more stable connection.  Before we close this topic, a final consideration in regards to cable is surge protection.  At your request we have cable surge protectors that can protect your cameras from damage, securing your investment even further. You can also find third party surge protectors which can provide an extra layer of protection to a variety of your electronics and is more than a worthwhile investment.

Cox Surge Protector for Surveillance Cameras

So now we’ve had the opportunity to go further in depth on our contingency options as well as made some recommendations to you or at least offered you some avenues in which to further secure your investment.  Backing up and having alternative solutions to your data, equipment, and cabling provides you with security from the state and from theft that can cost you thousands over the long run.  Protecting your best interest is in our best interest and in that endeavor we look to offer more service and products as your business grows.


Marijuana Legalization – America and the New Green Rush (or Purple or Red)

Written By:
Monday, December 22nd, 2014

Over the past few years Americans who were once having to go to shady parts of town, or deal with some sometimes undesirable people just to get something the Federal Government claims should be illegal, have been able to come out to mainstream.  Well there have been some states whose citizens know that there should be marijuana legalization, and have legalized Marijuana for legal sale and use.  This being said, even with their agreement on the legalization there have been some differing of opinions on the rules and regulations of this new product.  Now that two new states have passed the legalization as well as the District of Columbia, even more wider variances of regulation are going to take place.


The first state to fully pass recreational usage was Washington with their citizens passing Initiative 502 or I-502 as it has become known.  Initiative 502 was then turned into Washington Administrative Code 314-55 or WAC 314-55, when it passed through the State Legislature.  Now with the creation of this industry and regulations, you can clearly see that the people who helped to draft these regulations honestly didn’t know about half of the things they were writing specifications on.  The reason I can say this is from a simple area with regards to section 83 of the code referring to the cameras recording resolution.  Anyone with half of a brain in the industry knows that 640 x 470 is not an actual resolution, it is close to VGA (Video Graphics Array), the blue connector on the back of a computer or the old school computer monitor resolution.  The closed circuit television industry does have some resolutions that are below the 640 x 470, but most systems purchased today have the ability to recorded at D1 (704 x 480 ) resolution.  This being said, not all of these systems can record at the newly inputted 10fps that the law requires.  From my experience with the help of WAC 314-55 applicants, even the inspectors at the beginning for sure, had little knowledge as to what they were even inspecting or looking at with regards to a large chunk of the law.  Now, to their defense, they have done a really good job in learning at a relatively decent pace.  In the beginning there was a ton of confusion, and what would pass with one inspector may not pass with another.  Unfortunately this was primarily due to the fact that this was a brand new industry, legally at least.

One thing that we at have prided ourselves on is that we learn from every applicant and inspector that we come into contact with.  For example, we have found that when Labor and Industry is involved in the electrical inspection, you better have your camera system spot on or they will fail you.  However, if Labor and Industry is not involved you can be more relaxed on the wiring of the system.  Now to the defense of Labor and Industry, they are an electrical inspector and should be a little harder on High Voltage, but they bring that into Low Voltage.  If for some reason you are going to have Labor and Industry at your facility for any reason there are one of two things you are going to want to do.  First, would be try and have the camera system installed after they have passed your High Voltage portion of the build out.  The second, if that is not possible is to make sure whatever power supply you are going to be using for your camera system is UL listed.  This is because unfortunately in the United States of America, we still put too much emphasis on UL listings.  I would personally rather have a RoHS or CE certified unit, as the Europeans still have. The companies as organizations that truly look out for the country and not a For Profit Company that really has no basis on a lot of what may “Pass”. This is my opinion and what I feel is the truth.  The WAC 314-55 has been one of the most in-depth and thorough laws on the books to date, and other countries are even looking at this law to implement into their country.


The second state to legalize the recreational growing, processing, sale, and use of marijuana is Colorado.  Now when it comes to the legalization of recreational marijuana in Colorado, they previously had standards in place for the growing, processing, and sale of Medical Marijuana.  This made a transition to recreational easier, but still a little convoluted.   Once the recreational came, the first group allowed to participate were previously licensed medical facilities.  Now that this is the case, it made it harder to change the existing specifications to the current systems in place.  After the state opened the recreational sale, processing, and growing up to other groups, they have updated some of the specifications.  They have increased the time required to store the footage to 40 days.  One major thing the state hasn’t set forth a specification of is the frames per second required. Anyone who understands video you need to have a minimum of 7fps to be considered video, otherwise it is just a collection of images and things can happen that can’t be seen.  One of the best things the state has required is the fact that the systems are required to have a battery backup to keep the system running for up to 4 hours.  They have lacked tremendously on the requirements for the video resolution and I find this to be a hazard as the way it is worded leaves a significant amount to interpretation.  When you state, “Camera….shall allow for the clear and certain identification of any individual and activities on the Licensed Premises,” this can leave a lot of room for interpretation. I stare at cameras all day everyday and can see details in even the worst recordings that most wont pick out.  So my opinion on what could pass and what a novice would see in the same footage.

All of this being said, until the federal government legalizes marijuana and sets up regulations, we will have major fluctuations with every new state that comes on board.  My hope is that whatever new state comes on board, they will sit down with the proper experts with regards to every detail that they don’t specialize in.  Leave it to a group of experts to come up with the best requirements to fulfill the requirements. For more information about Washington’s WAC 314-55 check out this and many other articles on our website.